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Genus: Acropyga   Roger, 1862 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 41 valid species

Fossil: 1 valid species

Acropyga Roger, 1862a PDF: 242. Type-species: Acropyga acutiventris, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Acropyga in Formicinae, Lasius genus group: Agosti, 1991 PDF: 296.
Acropyga as junior synonym of Plagiolepis: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 442.
Acropyga as genus: Roger, 1862a PDF: 242; Roger, 1863b PDF: 11; Smith, 1871a PDF: 319; Forel, 1878c PDF: 379; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 174; Emery, 1925d PDF: 27; subsequent authors; Bolton, 1973a PDF: 363; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 22, 94; LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 16.
Acropyga as senior synonym of Atopodon: LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 16.
Acropyga as senior synonym of Malacomyrma: LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 16.
Acropyga as senior synonym of Rhizomyrma: LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 16.
[Note: the former subgenera Atopodon, Malacomyrma, and Rhizomyrma, were listed as junior synonyms in Smith, 1979: 1423, and Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 18, without explanation. They reverted to subgeneric status in Bolton, 1994: 51, pending revision; formally synonymised by LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 16.]
Genus Acropyga catalogues
Roger, 1863b PDF: 11; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 174; Wheeler, 1922: 928 (Afrotropical); Emery, 1925d PDF: 28 (world list of species in former subgenus Acropyga (Acropyga)), 29, 30 (Acropyga (Rhizomyrma), Acropyga (Atopodon), Acropyga (Malacomyrma)); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 210 (Asia); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 16 (Neotropical); Smith, 1979: 1423 (North America); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 107 (Australia); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 5 (Australia); Bolton, 1995b: 57, 58 (world list of species in former subgenus Acropyga (Acropyga)); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 178 (Afrotropical checklist).
Genus Acropyga references
Forel, 1878c PDF: 379 (diagnosis); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 332 (diagnosis); Emery, 1925d PDF: 27 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Emery, 1925d PDF: 29, 30 (Acropyga (Rhizomyrma), Acropyga (Atopodon), Acropyga (Malacomyrma)) diagnoses); Weber, 1944b PDF: 91 (Neotropical Acropyga (Rhizomyrma) species key); Morisita et al., 1991: 14 (Japan species key); Wang & Wu, 1992a PDF: 227 (China species key); Bolton, 1994: 51 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1047 (census); Shattuck, 1999: 86 (Australia synopsis); Terayama et al., 2002 PDF: 22 (diagnosis, East Asian species key); LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 16 (diagnosis, all species revision), 23 (New World species key), 27 (Old World species key); LaPolla & Fisher, 2005 PDF: 601 (Afrotropical species, revised key); LaPolla et al., 2006 PDF: 197 (phylogeny); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 204 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 60 (south-western Australia species key); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 182 (genus in Brazil); Blaimer et al., 2016 10.1016/j.ympev.2016.05.030 PDF: 20 (phylogenomics); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 177 (diagnosis); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 146 (brief male diagnosis); Fernández & Ortiz-Sepúlveda, 2019 PDF: 731 (Colombia species key); Heterick, 2021 10.18195/issn.0313-122x.86.2021.001-245 PDF: 69 (Western Australia species key); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 55 (diagnosis).

Taxon Page Images:

A nearly blind Acropyga goeldii worker ant tends to root-feeding mealybugs in an underground chamber. The ants depend on their hemipteran "cattle" for food, while the mealybugs are kept safe from predators and carried to new roots by their ant guards. Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Image © Alex Wild.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, Vietnam
    Europe: Greece
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Acropyga   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 347-348, (download) 347-348 3948
Acropyga nov. gen  Roger, J., 1862, Einige neue exotische Ameisen-Gattungen und Arten., Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 6, pp. 233-254: 242-243, (download) 242-243 4098

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