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Species: Tetramorium simillimum   (Smith, 1851) 

Classification:
Download Data

Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Myrmica simillima Smith, 1851 PDF: 118 (w.) GREAT BRITAIN. Palearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: syntype workers (number not stated). Primary type locality: United Kingdom: England, Dorset (no collector’s name). Primary type depository: syntypes lost (not in BMNH or OXUM (Bolton, 1977 PDF: 131)). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as simullimum by Petrov, 2006 PDF: 100 (in key).]
[Misspelled as similimum by Tohmé & Tohmé, 2014 PDF: 137.]
Combination in Leptothorax: Smith, 1871c: 4.
Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 61; André, 1874b: 191.
Status as species: Curtis, 1854: 216; Smith, 1855b PDF: 129; Nylander, 1856b PDF: 94 (footnote); Smith, 1858a PDF: 119; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 61 (in key); Roger, 1863b PDF: 27; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 456; Mayr, 1870b PDF: 972 (in key); André, 1874b: 191 (in key); Mayr, 1876 PDF: 98; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 467; Emery, 1881b PDF: 530; André, 1881c PDF: 71; Forel, 1881 PDF: 5; André, 1883a: 287 (in key); Mayr, 1884 PDF: 33; White, 1884 PDF: 266; Lameere, 1892: 67; Forel, 1893j PDF: 382; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 134; Forel, 1895b PDF: 126; Forel, 1901c: 11; Dahl, 1901 PDF: 20; Forel, 1903a PDF: 702; Rothney, 1903: 97; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 185; Mayr, 1904b PDF: 7; Forel, 1904g PDF: 422; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 101, 128; Forel, 1907d PDF: 13; Forel, 1907g: 91; Forel, 1908a PDF: 65; Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 143; Wheeler, 1909b PDF: 237; Emery, 1909f PDF: 696; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 567; Karavaiev, 1911b PDF: 8; Forel, 1912h PDF: 1; Forel, 1913g PDF: 197; Santschi, 1914b PDF: 106; Wheeler & Mann, 1914 PDF: 38; Forel, 1914d PDF: 225; Emery, 1914f PDF: 415; Viehmeyer, 1914c PDF: 528; Forel, 1915b PDF: 48; Donisthorpe, 1915f PDF: 340; Forel, 1916 PDF: 421; Mann, 1916 PDF: 448; Arnold, 1917 PDF: 326; Wheeler, 1919d: 274; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 91; Mann, 1920b PDF: 406; Mann, 1921 PDF: 459; Mann, 1922 PDF: 33; Wheeler, 1922: 193, 903, 1030; Wheeler, 1922n PDF: 318; Müller, 1923b PDF: 101 (in key); Wheeler, 1924c PDF: 251; Emery, 1924f PDF: 279; Mann, 1925b PDF: 6; Arnold, 1926 PDF: 246 (in key); Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 89 (in key); Borgmeier, 1927c PDF: 110; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 392; Cheesman & Crawley, 1928 PDF: 519; Wheeler, 1929h PDF: 61; Menozzi & Russo, 1930 PDF: 161; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 11; Wheeler, 1932e PDF: 160; Wheeler, 1932g PDF: 17; Wheeler, 1933a: 59; Wheeler, 1933f PDF: 143; Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 74 (in key); Menozzi, 1934: 163; Weber, 1934a PDF: 23; Wheeler, 1934i: 15; Donisthorpe, 1935 PDF: 634; Wheeler, 1935g: 31; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 181; Wheeler, 1936g PDF: 14; Smith, 1937 PDF: 853; Borgmeier, 1937b PDF: 240; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 87 (in key); Smith, 1943b PDF: 2 (in key); Weber, 1943d PDF: 321; Kratochvíl, in Kratochvíl et al., 1944 PDF: 77 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1946i PDF: 32; Donisthorpe, 1948d PDF: 597; Weber, 1948b PDF: 83; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 292; Smith, 1951c PDF: 824; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 177; Bernard, 1953a PDF: 176; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 248; Taylor & Wilson, 1962 PDF: 143; Wilson, 1964b PDF: 6; Linsley & Usinger, 1966 PDF: 175; Pisarski, 1967a PDF: 402; Yarrow, 1967 PDF: 28; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 73; Taylor, 1967b PDF: 1094; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 236 (redescription); Hamann & Klemm, 1967 PDF: 418; Yarrow, 1967 PDF: 28; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 250; Alayo, 1974 PDF: 18 (in key); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 4 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 26; Kempf, 1975c PDF: 368; Taylor, 1976a: 83; Taylor, 1976b: 197; Bolton, 1977 PDF: 131; Smith, 1979: 1401; Bolton, 1979 PDF: 170 (redescription); Bolton, 1980 PDF: 320 (redescription); Onoyama, 1980a PDF: 197; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 90; Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 265; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 277 (in key); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 78; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 97; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 381; Ogata, 1991b PDF: 102; Morisita et al., 1992: 35; Perrault, 1993 PDF: 333; Dlussky, 1994a: 55; Bolton, 1995b: 414; Dorow, 1996a PDF: 82; Deyrup et al., 2000: 298; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 309; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 105; Wetterer, 2002 PDF: 129; Blard et al., 2003 PDF: 132; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 47; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 135; Lin & Wu, 2003: 66; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 417; Collingwood et al., 2004 PDF: 481; Wetterer & Wetterer, 2004 PDF: 215; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 44; Ward, 2005 PDF: 68; Wetterer, 2006 PDF: 415; Zhou, 2006 PDF: 583; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 256; Wild, 2007b PDF: 38; Framenau & Thomas, 2008 PDF: 75; Heterick, 2009 PDF: 177; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 162; Vonshak & Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009 PDF: 45; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 54; Bharti & Kumar, 2012b 10.3897/zookeys.207.3040 PDF: 33 (in key); Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 57; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 142; Sharaf et al., 2012 10.1371/journal.pone.0030811 PDF: 8 (in key); Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 218; Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 72; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 204; Ramage, 2014 PDF: 168; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 122; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 46; Lebas et al., 2016: 380; Wetterer et al., 2016 PDF: 21; Agavekar et al., 2017 10.7717/peerj.3800 PDF: 9; Sharaf et al., 2017 10.1080/00222933.2016.1271157 PDF: 43; Deyrup, 2017: 152; Dekoninck et al., 2019 PDF: 1159; Lubertazzi, 2019 10.3099/MCZ-43.1 PDF: 193; Madl, 2019 PDF: 16; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 96; Khachonpisitsak et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.998.54902 PDF: 135; Yamane et al., 2022 10.3897/zookeys.1084.69767 PDF: (queen diagnosis).
Senior synonym of Tetramorium pygmaeum: Forel, 1916 PDF: 421 (in text); Bolton, 1980 PDF: 319; Bolton, 1995b: 414; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 105.
Material of the unavailable name Tetramorium pusillum bantouana breve referred here byBolton, 1980 PDF: 320; Bolton, 1995b: 414.

Taxon Page Images:

photo © Philip Herbst; T simillimum, showing workers and multiple queens. Majik Forest, Cape Town

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Nigeria, Reunion, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Brazil, Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guyana, Haiti, Mexico, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, United States
    Asia: Bangladesh, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Yemen
    Europe: Denmark, Estonia, United Kingdom
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Santschi 1914b

Biology:

Natural History:

Tetramorium simillimum is an uncommon tramp species in Costa Rica. I have only collected it once in Costa Rica, on a picnic table at the headquarters of Santa Rosa National Park.

Comments:

Introduced species. CA record: Bolton (1979: 171).

Notes:

Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tetramorium simillimum   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 38, (download) 38 21367
Tetramorium simillimum   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 85, (download) 85 6175
Tetramorium simillimum   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 193, (download) 193 20597
Tetramorium simillimum   Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181: 170-171, (download) 170-171 6435
Tetramorium simillimum   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 382-383, (download) 382-383 3948
Tetramorium simillimum   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Tetramorium simillimum   Forel, A., 1907, The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner. No. VI. - Fourmis des Seychelles, Amirantes, Farquhar et Chagos., Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 12, pp. 91-94: -1, (download) -1 4010
Tetramorium (Tetrogmus) simillimum   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 106, (download) 106 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 47 times found in tropical dry forest, 37 times found in urban/garden, 23 times found in coastal scrub, 17 times found in rainforest, 6 times found in port of entry/city, 24 times found in forest, 18 times found in mixed forest, 16 times found in urban garden, 12 times found in Agricultural (Cassava farm)+Grassland, Dominant tree- Cocos nucifera, 7 times found in tropical dry forest on Tsingy, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 61 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 52 times ground forager(s), 44 times ex rotten log, 23 times under stone, 16 times on low vegetation, 13 times under rootmat, litter on rock, 11 times ex soil, 9 times sifted litter, 3 times Foraging on ground, 11 times under tree bark, live tree, 10 times leaf litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 96 times Pitfall trap, 31 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 9 times H, 27 times Pitfall, 21 times Winkler, 16 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, 18 times Hand collected, 14 times Hand, 11 times MW 25 sample transect, 5m, 7 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 5 times hand collected|aspirator, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1980 meters, 230 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1870-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2045-06-25 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Holotype of Tetramorium simillimum: casent0249091, casent0249092, casent0249093; not part of a type series: casent0915079; Not Provided: casent0126207, casent0126208, casent0171034, casent0171122, casent0183001, casent0183007, casent0183016, casent0183018, casent0183020, casent0183024, casent0183028, casent0183031, casent0183032, casent0183034, casent0183040, casent0183042, casent0183046, casent0183050, casent0183054, casent0183063, casent0183065, casent0183067, casent0183071, casent0183073, casent0183074, casent0183075, casent0183079, casent0183080, casent0183081, casent0183085, casent0183087, casent0183092, casent0183093, casent0183102, casent0183107, casent0183109, casent0183110, casent0183112, casent0183113, casent0183116, casent0183118, casent0183119, casent0183121, casent0183122, casent0183124, casent0183126, casent0183130, casent0183131, casent0183136, casent0183138, casent0183139, casent0183140, casent0183163, casent0183169, casent0183171, casent0183173, casent0183182, casent0183189, casent0183193, casent0183194, casent0183195, casent0248850, casent0248851, casent0248852, casent0248869, casent0248870, casent0248878, casent0735624, casent0735635, casent0741843, casent0741865, casent0741866, casent0742323, casent0742352; syntype of Tetramorium pusillum bantouana: casent0915080, casent0917835; syntype of Tetramorium pygmaeum: casent0904832; syntype of Tetramorium simillimum denticulatum: casent0909115; syntype of Wasmannia auropunctata brevispinosa: casent0915082; type of Tetramorium simillimum opacior: focol2100; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Tetramorium pusillum bantouana breve: casent0915081



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