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Species: Tetramorium impurum   (Foerster, 1850) 

Classification:
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Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Myrmica impura Foerster, 1850a: 48 (w.) GERMANY. Palearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: neotype worker (by designation of Schlick-Steiner et al., 2006 PDF: 270). Primary type locality: neotype Belgium: Mirwart, vic. Saint-Hubert, 360 m., 4.viii.2000, # i73 (Y. Roisin). Primary type depository: NHMW. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Neotype designation: Schlick-Steiner et al., 2006 PDF: 270.
Emery, 1925a PDF: 184 (q.); Kutter, 1977c: 151 (m.)
Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 426
As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Emery, 1925a PDF: 178.
Status as species: Kutter, 1977c: 159; Pasteels et al., 1981 PDF: 675; Cammaerts et al., 1985: 109; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 56; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 277 (in key); López, 1991a: 31; Bolton, 1995b: 409; Poldi et al., 1995: 5; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 31; Radchenko et al., 1998: 109; Sanetra et al., 1999 PDF: 321; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 65; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 114; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 45; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 143; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 100 (in key); Schlick-Steiner et al., 2006 PDF: 270 (redescription); Seifert, 2007: 248; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 152; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 497; Boer, 2010: 68; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 57; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 58; Czechowski et al., 2012: 178; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 28; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 199 (see note in bibliography); Lebas et al., 2016: 384; Radchenko, 2016: 246; Steiner et al., 2017: 19; Wagner et al., 2017 PDF: 120 (redescription); Wagner et al., 2018 10.1038/s41598-018-30890-z PDF: 4 (in list); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 50; Seifert, 2018: 229; Werner et al., 2018 PDF: 7; Salata & Borowiec, 2019c 10.5281/zenodo.2644897 PDF: 5.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Turkey
    Europe: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Statewide.

Biology:

Found in virtually all mesic grass habitats. Nests in soil, under rocks and in small loam hills.

Notes:

(Dutch vernacular name: bruine zaadmier)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 136 times found in Unknown, 97 times found in Anthropogenic, 24 times found in dry grassland, 20 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 11 times found in Forest, 3 times found in Wet grassland, 3 times found in heathlands, 1 times found in town, 1 times found in light pine forest, 1 times found in meadow, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times under stone, 1 times under small stone, 1 times swarming from rock, 1 times stone plates, 1 times soil mound, 1 times on the ground, 1 times nest under stone, 1 times foraging on the ground.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 118 times Manual catch, 59 times Pitfall trap, 9 times search, 3 times White pitfall, 1 times beating.

Elevations: collected from 360 - 2250 meters, 946 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1905-06-29 00:00:00.0 and 2020-08-09 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: neotype of Myrmica impura: casent0919635; syntype of Tetramorium caespitum penninum: casent0915001; type of Tetramorium caespitum penninum: antweb1008488



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