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Species: Temnothorax curvispinosus   (Mayr, 1866) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Leptothorax curvispinosus Mayr, 1866a PDF: 508, pl., fig. 13 (w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: “Nordamerika”: (no further data). Type-depositories: MSNG, NNML. Type notes: 1) Wheeler, 1903d PDF: 240, gives type-locality as, “?District of Columbia”. 2) Mackay, 2000 PDF: 338, says specimens could not be located in Roger’s collection in MNHU, but in the original description Mayr comments that they are “im zoologischen Museum in Leyden”. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1886d PDF: 453 (q.); Mackay, 2000 PDF: 338 (m.)
Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 271.
Status as species: Mayr, 1886d PDF: 451 (in key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 261; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 124; Emery, 1895d PDF: 320; Wheeler, 1903d PDF: 239; Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 385; Wheeler, 1906g PDF: 9; Wheeler, 1908i PDF: 621; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 567; Wheeler, 1913d PDF: 114; Wheeler, 1916r: 588; Wheeler, 1917k PDF: 461; Emery, 1924f PDF: 258; Dennis, 1938 PDF: 289; Wing, 1939 PDF: 162; Wesson & Wesson, 1940 PDF: 96; Buren, 1944a PDF: 286; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 263; Smith, 1951c PDF: 817; Smith, 1958c PDF: 131; Carter, 1962a PDF: 6 (in list); Smith, 1967a PDF: 358; Hunt & Snelling, 1975 PDF: 22; Smith, 1979: 1392; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 138; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 97; Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 302; Bolton, 1995b: 237; Mackay, 2000 PDF: 337 (redescription); Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 122; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 271; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 45; Deyrup & Cover, 2004a PDF: 58 (in key); Coovert, 2005 PDF: 72; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 72; Ellison et al., 2012: 327; Deyrup, 2017: 144.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:



Forest, woodland, parks, campuses


There is a yellower, slightly shinier, shorter-spined and strictly canopy-dwelling form that keys to this species, but may be distinct. Single workers of this arboreal form only have been found after storms on blown-down limbs and trunks of oak and walnut.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 18 times found in mixed broadleaf/pine forest, 7 times found in broadleaf forest, 6 times found in riparian mixed hardwood forest, 3 times found in cedar/hardwood, 3 times found in mixed pine/oak, 1 times found in hickory/juniper woods, 1 times found in Suburban with wide-spaced, 5 times found in Beech-maple forest, 4 times found in Great Lakes hardwood forest, 1 times found in upland hardwood forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 19 times ex rotten hickory nut in leaf litter, 7 times ex sifted litter, 4 times nest in acorn, 3 times nest in stick, 6 times ex rotten acorn in leaf litter, 10 times at lights, 5 times ex sifted leaf litter, 5 times ground cover, 6 times in acorn, 1 times queenrite nest in dead composit stalk, 1 times hardwood trees, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 42 times hand collecting, 8 times search, 10 times Winkler, 13 times Berlese, 5 times direct collection, 4 times Berlese funnel, 2 times sweeping, 2 times Lindgren funnel trap baited with IPS lure, 2 times pitfall, 1 times beating, 1 times Berlese|298 lbs, 273 liters, ...

Elevations: collected from 15 - 980 meters, 320 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1908-05-01 00:00:00.0 and 2023-07-24 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: syntype of Leptothorax curvispinosus: casent0919744; syntype of Temnothorax curvispinosus: casent0901789; type of Leptothorax curvispinosus: focol2040, focol2041

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