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Species: Prenolepis imparis   (Say, 1836) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica imparis Say, 1836 PDF: 287 (q.m.) U.S.A. (Indiana). Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Lasius: Roger, 1863b PDF: 12.
Combination in Prenolepis: Mayr, 1886d PDF: 431
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 54; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 416; Roger, 1863b PDF: 12; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 256; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 178; Emery, 1893k PDF: 635; Patton, 1894 PDF: 619; Ruzsky, 1905b: 262; Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 390; Wheeler, 1906i PDF: 342; Wheeler, 1908g PDF: 385; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 569; Santschi, 1911d PDF: 7; Wheeler, 1913d PDF: 116; Wheeler, 1916r: 591; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 523; Wheeler, 1917k PDF: 462; Emery, 1925d PDF: 225; Essig, 1926 PDF: 866; Smith, 1930a PDF: 6; Wheeler, 1930c PDF: 15 (redescription); Cole, 1937b PDF: 137; Dennis, 1938 PDF: 295; Wesson & Wesson, 1940 PDF: 100; Buren, 1944a PDF: 295; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 413; Smith, 1951c PDF: 849; Cole, 1954f PDF: 272; Smith, 1958c PDF: 147; Carter, 1962a PDF: 7 (in list); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 210; Smith, 1979: 1445; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 64; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 150; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 100; Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 308; Bolton, 1995b: 364; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 409; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 46; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 118; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 65; Ward, 2005 PDF: 31; Ellison et al., 2012: 220; Williams & LaPolla, 2016 10.11646/zootaxa.4200.2.1 PDF: 222 (redescription); Deyrup, 2017: 227; Williams & LaPolla, 2018 10.11646/zootaxa.4441.1.10 PDF: 174 (in key).
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico, Panama, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC; NEOTROPICAL: USA (AZ, MA), Mexico

Biology:

Mesic forest, oak woodland, prairie edge, parks, campuses

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 140 times found in deciduous forest, 43 times found in on swimming pool surface, 33 times found in oak woodland, 21 times found in chaparral, 25 times found in mixed forest, 17 times found in upland hardwood forest, 11 times found in mixed hardwood/pine coastal woodland, 6 times found in urban, 2 times found in desert canyon, 6 times found in urban park, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 42 times litter, 14 times under stone, 17 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 10 times under rock, 10 times sifted litter, 9 times leaf litter, 3 times strays, 8 times on low vegetation, 6 times pitfall trap, 1 times foragers, 1 times under rocky outcropping, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 178 times pitfall trap, 126 times Lindgren funnel, 49 times Bay Area Ant Survey (BAAS), 67 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan, 49 times Berlese funnel, 29 times hand collecting, 20 times search, 17 times beating trees and shrubs, 17 times malaise trap, 4 times sweeping, 11 times direct collection, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 2520 meters, 681 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1872-04-06 and 2021-04-17

Type specimens: not part of a type series: focol2720; syntype of Prenolepis imparis minuta: casent0905673; syntype of Prenolepis imparis testacea: casent0905672



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