Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.81. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Plagiolepis pygmaea   (Latreille, 1798) 

Download Data

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Formica pygmaea Latreille, 1798 PDF: 45 (w.q.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Plagiolepis: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 43
Senior synonym of Plagiolepis dufourii: Menozzi, 1925a PDF: 19 (footnote).
Senior synonym of Plagiolepis obscureiscapus: Boer, 2008 PDF: 486.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Canary Islands, Egypt, Macaronesia, Morocco, South Africa, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, China, Georgia, Iran, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Turkey
    Europe: Andorra, Austria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Palearctic bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Throughout SLO except Alpine, mostly in Submediterranean


Mostly open xerothermous habitats, nests in soil


(Dutch vernacular name: Mediterrane dwergschubmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 21, (download) 21 3994
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1910, Glanures myrmecologiques., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 54, pp. 6-32: 8, (download) 8 4022
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1913, Ameisen aus Rhodesia, Kapland usw. (Hym.) Gesammelt von Herrn G. Arnold, Dr. H. Brauns und anderen., Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1913, pp. 203-225: 224, (download) 224 4059
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1910, Glanures myrmecologiques., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 54, pp. 6-32: 18, (download) 18 4022
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Emery, C., 1884, Materiali per lo studio della fauna Tunisina raccolti da G. e L. Doria. III. Rassegna delle formiche della Tunisia., Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 21, pp. 373-386: 376, (download) 376 3743
Plagiolepis pygmaea   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 67, (download) 67 3926

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 20 times found in Encinar, 6 times found in Pinar, 3 times found in Pinar amedio urbanizar, 5 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 3 times found in Bosque umbrío de eucal. Pinos helechos ymimosas., 5 times found in maquis shrubland, 4 times found in Ruderal, 4 times found in pine forest, 3 times found in Pinus forest, 1 times found in forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 21 times Nido bajo piedra, 22 times under stone, 20 times nbp, 6 times Foraging, 4 times Nest under stone, 2 times ground foragers, 2 times ground (-5-0 cm), 2 times on tree, 2 times on rocks, 1 times garden/lawn, 1 times Forrajeando, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 67 times Hand, 43 times Pitfall, 41 times search, 4 times Net, 2 times Pitfall trap, 2 times Subterr. Trap, 2 times Yellow Trap, 2 times Malaise, 1 times sweeping veg., 1 times Sweeping veg. (Lotus hillebrandii), 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 14 hours, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 2982 meters, 615 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1913-01-12 00:00:00.0 and 2020-08-14 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Nontype: casent0745247, casent0745248, casent0745249; syntype of Plagiolepis pygmaea obscureiscapus: casent0912420

See something amiss? Send us an email.