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Species: Lasius (Lasius) niger   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Lasius niger_cf, Lasius niger_nr, Lasius niger_nr1, Lasius niger pinetorum

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica nigra Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Note: Type-locality Sweden, after Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 427.].
Combination in Lasius: Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 415; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 49 (in key).
Combination in Formicina: Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 23.
Combination in Lasius (Donisthorpea): Nadig, 1918 PDF: 340.
Status as species: Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 427; Scopoli, 1763: 313; Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 962; Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 392; Forskål, 1775: xxiii; Fabricius, 1782: 489; Retzius, 1783 PDF: 75; Geoffroy, in Fourcroy, 1785: 453; Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 308; Razoumowsky, 1789: 225; Christ, 1791 PDF: 510; Olivier, 1792: 492; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 352; Latreille, 1798 PDF: 39; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 415; Gravenhorst, 1807 PDF: 287; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 126; Billberg, 1820: 104; Latreille, 1802a: 156; Walckenaer, 1802: 161; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 415; Latreille, 1817a: 99; Lamarck, 1817 PDF: 96; Stephens, 1829b: 357; Brullé, 1833 PDF: 327; Losana, 1834 PDF: 317; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 206; Nylander, 1846a PDF: 920; Smith, 1851 PDF: 2; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 49; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 355 (redescription); Smith, 1855a PDF: 109; Nylander, 1856b PDF: 67; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 12; Smith, 1858a PDF: 6, 52; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 49 (in key); Meinert, 1861: 318; Roger, 1863b PDF: 11; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 426; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 55; Emery, 1869b PDF: 9; Smith, 1871c: 1; Dours, 1873 PDF: 165; Smith, 1874b PDF: 403; Forel, 1874 PDF: 46 (in key); André, 1874b (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 6; Emery, 1878a PDF: ix (in list); Emery, 1878: 47; Emery & Forel, 1879: 452; Mayr, 1880 PDF: 25; Saunders, 1880 PDF: 208; André, 1882c PDF: 192 (in key); Emery, 1882b PDF: 450; Costa, 1883: 60; White, 1884 PDF: 254; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 429; Forel, 1886h PDF: 206; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 22; Forel, 1890b PDF: lxvii; Lameere, 1892: 64; Forel, 1892j PDF: 307; Emery, 1892c PDF: 162; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 187; Emery, 1893e PDF: 85; Emery, 1893k PDF: 638; Medina, 1893 PDF: 105; Forel, 1894c PDF: 404; Forel, 1895e PDF: 227; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 71; Saunders, 1896 PDF: 25; Forel, 1899b PDF: 127; Forel, 1900h PDF: 269, 285; Wheeler, 1900c PDF: 47; Forel, 1901m PDF: 66; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 16; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 307; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 207; Ruzsky, 1904a PDF: 288; Forel, 1904c PDF: 386; Ruzsky, 1905b: 292; Wheeler, 1906h PDF: 321; Wheeler, 1906j PDF: 352; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 114 (in key); Santschi, 1908 PDF: 517; Wheeler, 1908i PDF: 622; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 485; Yano, 1910a PDF: 421; Karavaiev, 1912b PDF: 587; Krausse, 1912c PDF: 165; Stitz, 1914 PDF: 84; Emery, 1914c PDF: 159; Ruzsky, 1914a PDF: 61; Ruzsky, 1914b PDF: 105; Forel, 1915d: 53 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 200; Ruzsky, 1916: 5; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 349; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 524; Emery, 1916a PDF: 240; Escherich, 1917: 332 (in key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 23; Nadig, 1918 PDF: 340; Menozzi, 1918 PDF: 87; Santschi, 1919e PDF: 246; Ruzsky, 1920 PDF: 78; Menozzi, 1922c PDF: 331; Kulmatycki, 1922 PDF: 80; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 69; Müller, 1923b PDF: 124; Emery, 1924c PDF: 170; Emery, 1925d PDF: 229; Kiseleva, 1925 PDF: 74; Ruzsky, 1925a PDF: 287; Santschi, 1925f PDF: 88; Santschi, 1925g PDF: 349; Lomnicki, 1925b PDF: 2; Soudek, 1925b PDF: 16; Wheeler, 1926a PDF: 5; Betrem, 1926 PDF: 215; Karavaiev, 1926e PDF: 193; Menozzi, 1926b PDF: 182; Santschi, 1926f PDF: 288; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 123 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927a PDF: 8; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 229; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 300; Karavaiev, 1927d: 280 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e PDF: 347; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e PDF: 188; Menozzi, 1927b PDF: 91; Wheeler, 1927e PDF: 3; Wheeler, 1927g PDF: 118; Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 8; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928b PDF: 19; Wheeler, 1928c PDF: 38; Wheeler, 1928d PDF: 120; Wheeler, 1929g PDF: 10; Wheeler, 1929h PDF: 58; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a PDF: 26; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 37; Karavaiev, 1930b PDF: 147; Wheeler, 1930k PDF: 80; Karavaiev, 1931b PDF: 32; Karavaiev, 1931c PDF: 109; Karavaiev, 1931e PDF: 214; Santschi, 1931a: 10; Soudek, 1931 PDF: 13; Gösswald, 1932 PDF: 53; Santschi, 1932e PDF: 72; Santschi, 1932h PDF: 5; Teranishi, 1932 PDF: 52; Arnol'di, 1933a: 602 (in key); Finzi, 1933 PDF: 165; Santschi, 1933a PDF: 22; Stitz, 1934: 8; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 103; Karavaiev, 1935b PDF: 108; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 47; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 191; Karavaiev, 1936: 201 (redescription); Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 90; Santschi, 1936c PDF: 208; Santschi, 1939c PDF: 5; Kôno & Sugihara, 1939 PDF: 10; Teranishi, 1940: 20; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 101 (in key); Eidmann, 1941a PDF: 24; Santschi, 1941 PDF: 277; Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 174 (in key); Stärcke, 1944b PDF: 157 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 181; Morisita, 1945 PDF: 22; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 69; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 185 (in key); Forsslund, 1947 PDF: 69; Röszler, 1950 PDF: 219; Schmitz, 1950 PDF: 14; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 420; Azuma, 1950a: 35; Azuma, 1951 PDF: 88; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 202; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 44; Azuma, 1953 PDF: 4; Azuma, 1955 PDF: 80; Wellenius, 1955 PDF: 15; Wilson, 1955a PDF: 59 (redescription); Ceballos, 1956: 315; Bernard, 1956b PDF: 261; Smith, 1958c PDF: 148; Bernard, 1959a PDF: 351; Collingwood, 1961a PDF: 71; Collingwood, 1962c PDF: 219; Baroni Urbani, 1964b PDF: 63; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 165; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 92; Cagniant, 1966b PDF: 281; Imai, 1966b PDF: 119; Beck et al., 1967: 70; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 355 (redescription); Yarrow, 1967 PDF: 30; Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 146; Kutter, 1968b: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 78; Pisarski, 1969b: 305; Yamauchi & Hayashida, 1970 PDF: 503; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 87; Collingwood, 1970b: 380; Cagniant, 1970c PDF: 38; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 205; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 165; Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 353; Bourne, 1973 PDF: 24; Baroni Urbani, 1974a PDF: 238; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 7 (in key); Hunt & Snelling, 1975 PDF: 22; Pisarski, 1975: 33; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 134 (redescription); Collingwood, 1976a PDF: 305; Azuma, 1977a PDF: 117; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 144; Kutter, 1977c: 227; Yensen et al., 1977 PDF: 184; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 555 (in key); Báez & Ortega, 1978: 189; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 89 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 99; Francoeur & Snelling, 1979 PDF: 6; Smith, 1979: 1436; Yamauchi, 1979 PDF: 152; Onoyama, 1980a PDF: 199; Barquín, 1981: 448; Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981 PDF: 160; Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 439; Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 27; Allred, 1982: 481; Collingwood, 1982 PDF: 287; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 58; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 282 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 70; MacKay et al., 1988: 118; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 219; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c PDF: 430; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 36; Morisita et al., 1991: 27; Seifert, 1991b PDF: 71; Seifert, 1992b PDF: 27 (redescription); Wang, 1992: 680; Wu & Wang, 1992c: 1312; Hohmann et al., 1993: 163; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 121; Radchenko, 1994b: 114 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 224; Douwes, 1995: 94; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Tang et al., 1995: 110; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 153; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 28; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 23 (in key); Gallé et al., 1998: 216; Collingwood & Heatwole, 2002 PDF: 12; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 100; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 384; Zhang & Zheng, 2002 PDF: 219; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 54; Lin & Wu, 2003: 61; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 227; Karaman & Karaman, 2005 PDF: 57; Ward, 2005 PDF: 64; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 149; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 68; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 69, 107 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 205; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 20; Seifert, 2007: 274; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 154; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 234; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 136; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 484; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 39; Boer, 2010: 43; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 58; Karaman, 2011a PDF: 88; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 27; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 503; Czechowski et al., 2012: 253; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 33; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 13; Bharti & Gul, 2013a PDF: 57 (in key); Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 88 (see note in bibliography); Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 20; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 28; Lebas et al., 2016: 220; Radchenko, 2016: 360; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 46; Schär et al., 2018 10.1111/jbi.13380 PDF: 6; Seifert, 2018: 273; Seifert, 2020 10.25674/so92iss1pp15 PDF: 63.
Senior synonym of Lasius emeryi: Wilson, 1955a PDF: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
Senior synonym of Lasius minimus: Wilson, 1955a PDF: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
Senior synonym of Lasius nitidus: Wilson, 1955a PDF: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
Senior synonym of Lasius transylvanica: Wilson, 1955a PDF: 59; Smith, 1979: 1436; Bolton, 1995b: 224.
Current subspecies: nominal plus L. n. pinetorum.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, Mexico, United States
    Asia: Japan
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Found in London.

Biology:

The ants love Honey and Sugar water. Their young also eat small insects.

Identification:

Small Black ant. Sometimes seen farming aphids. Similar to other Lasius ants. 

 

Worker: 3-5mm

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Lasius niger   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 76, (download) 76 3923
Lasius niger   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 404, (download) 404 3951
Lasius niger   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 19, (download) 19 3994
Lasius niger   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 2-3, (download) 2-3 8200
Lasius niger   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 81-88: 85, (download) 85 3764
Lasius niger   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 67, (download) 67 3926
Lasius niger   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Lasius niger   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 99-100, (download) 99-100 6175

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1245 times found in Unknown, 695 times found in anthropogenic, 258 times found in dry grassland, 183 times found in heathlands, 168 times found in Wet grassland, 167 times found in Forest, 64 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 52 times found in shrubs, 39 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 16 times found in nest under stone, pine forest, rocky loam soil, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 12 times under rock, 15 times on the ground, 7 times under stone, 1 times under rocks, 3 times nest under rock, 5 times on path, 5 times ground foragers, 2 times nest in soil, 4 times ground nest, 2 times nest under rocks in exposed area, 2 times nest under rock at bottom of gully, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1398 times Manual catch, 607 times Pitfall trap, 93 times search, 64 times Color trap, 21 times hand collecting, 26 times White pitfall, 11 times Hand, 5 times insect net, 5 times Malaise trap, 5 times beating, 5 times White color trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 3 - 2685 meters, 749 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1866-08-21 and 2020-06-30

Type specimens: type of Lasius niger: casent0903221



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