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Species: Iridomyrmex bicknelli   Emery, 1898 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Iridomyrmex bicknelli_cf, Iridomyrmex bicknelli luteus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Iridomyrmex bicknelli Emery, 1898b: 236, figs. 6, 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania). Australasia. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Replacement name for Iridomyrmex gracilis (Lowne, 1865). [Junior primary homonym of Pseudomyrmex gracilis (Fabricius, 1804).].
[Note: Iridomyrmex bicknelli junior synonym of Iridomyrmex gracilis (Lowne, 1865) (synonymy by Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 49); hence Iridomyrmex bicknelli first available replacement name.].
Status as species: Forel, 1902j PDF: 468; Forel, 1907j PDF: 290; Wheeler, W.M. 1909a: 27; Emery, 1913a PDF: 24; Forel, 1915b PDF: 77; Clark, 1938: 373; Taylor & Brown, 1985: 96; Taylor, 1987a PDF: 31; Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 101; Bolton, 1995b: 217; Heterick, 2009 PDF: 50; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 198 (in key); Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 49 (redescription).
Junior synonym of Iridomyrmex gracilis (Lowne, 1865): Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 49.
Current subspecies: nominal plus I. b. luteus.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Australasia

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in Grazed Euc. dieback area, 7 times found in Mallee, 7 times found in Dry sclerophyll, 6 times found in Dune, 5 times found in Heath, 3 times found in sandplain heath, 2 times found in coastal sand dune, 2 times found in Mallee scrub, 2 times found in Roadside edge, grassland, 2 times found in Wet sclerophyll, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times nest in soil under stone, 2 times Nest, 2 times On ground, 1 times day strays, 2 times In dry creek bed, 2 times On Leptospermum flowers, 1 times Foraging on ground, 2 times Under stones alluvial soil, 2 times E.behriana mallee, 2 times Under stone, 2 times trunk strays, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Pitfall, 6 times Pitfalls, 6 times pitfall trap, 4 times traps, 4 times By hand, 3 times Pitfall traps, 2 times trap, 2 times Malaise, 1 times 2 m Townes malaise, 2 times beating, 2 times direct collection, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1400 meters, 353 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1928-01-21 and 2016-12-27

Type specimens: syntype of Formica gracilis: casent0903081; syntype of Iridomyrmex bicknelli: casent0905053; syntype of Iridomyrmex bicknelli splendidus: casent0909505; type of Iridomyrmex bicknelli: focol2834; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Iridomyrmex gracilis papuanus cinerea: casent0905046



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