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Species: Formica gagates   Latreille, 1798 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Formica gagates Latreille, 1798 PDF: 36 (w.q.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1855 PDF: 349 (m.)
Status as species: Latreille, 1802a PDF: 138; Losana, 1834 PDF: 315; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 200; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 125; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 347 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 65; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 10; Smith, 1858a PDF: 6; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 46 (in key); Meinert, 1861 PDF: 316; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 415; Roger, 1863b PDF: 13; Emery, 1869b PDF: 10; Dours, 1873 PDF: 166; André, 1874b: 184 (in key); Emery, 1878: 49; Saunders, 1880 PDF: 207; André, 1882c PDF: 182 (in key); Nasonov, 1889: 19; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 198; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 13; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 206; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 336; Forel, 1904c PDF: 384; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 112 (in key); Wheeler, 1913i PDF: 513 (redescription); Forel, 1915d: 63 (in key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 254; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 46; Menozzi, 1918 PDF: 87; Nadig, 1918 PDF: 340; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 82; Finzi, 1923a PDF: 4; Müller, 1923b PDF: 137; Emery, 1925d PDF: 248; Lomnicki, 1925a PDF: 16 (in key); Soudek, 1925b PDF: 15; Karavaiev, 1926e PDF: 197; Santschi, 1926f PDF: 289; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 301; Karavaiev, 1927d: 285 (in key); Soudek, 1931 PDF: 16; Arnol'di, 1933a: 604 (in key); Grandi, 1935 PDF: 103; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 53; Karavaiev, 1936: 229 (redescription); Stitz, 1939: 362; Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 322 (in key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 106 (in key); Eidmann, 1941a PDF: 27; Eidmann, 1942a PDF: 253; Röszler, 1942a PDF: 51; Röszler, 1951: 89; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 44; Ceballos, 1956: 319; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 168; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 298 (redescription); Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 79; Kutter, 1968b PDF: 61; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 90; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 237; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971 PDF: 169 (redescription); Kutter, 1977c: 250; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 553 (in key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 94 (in key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 59; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 287 (in key); Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 37; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 269; Bolton, 1995b: 195; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 28; Gallé et al., 1998: 217; Chang & He, 2002a PDF: 56; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 50; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 233; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 147; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 67; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 114 (in key); Bračko, 2007 PDF: 19; Seifert, 2007: 299; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 143; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 481; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 49; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 59; Karaman, 2011a PDF: 78; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 35; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 494; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 31; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 11; Borowiec & Salata, 2013 PDF: 352; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 75; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 19; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 192; Radchenko, 2016: 299; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Seifert, 2018: 306.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: China, India, Turkey
    Europe: Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388

Formica gagates LatrHNS.

Buchara (Roschan, col de Mardzanai, 1 [[ queen ]], 1 [[ male ]], 9 [[ worker ]], 19. VIII; Ljangar, ' fl. Gunt, 16 [[ worker ]], 17. VIII; Schugnan, fl. Gunt, Rivak, 20 [[ worker ]], 14. VIII; Kara-gurum - Mazar, 1 [[ queen ]], 1 [[ male ]], 12 [[ worker ]], 24. VII; fl. Gunt, Sardym, 8 [[ worker ]], 16. VIII. 1897. Kaznakov!); Ferghana (Montagne Transalai, Bachmir, 9000 ' h., 4 [[ worker ]], 23. VI. 1895. Korzinsku!); Caucase septent'r. (District de Maikop, defile Aschischbok, 1 [[ queen ]], 27. VIII. 1894. Prichodko!); Transcaucasie orient. (District de Nucha, paturage alpin Schoatan-Jailag, 2500 m. h., 4 [[ male ]], 2 [[ worker ]], 3. VIII. 1901. R. Schmidt!); Crimee (Alupka,

1 [[ worker ]], 10. VI. 1899. Kuznecov!); Mongolie septent. (fl. Chara-gol, affluent d'Orchon, l [[ male ]], 1 [[ queen ]], 16. VIII. 1894. Kaskarov!; versant orient de la ville d'Urga, 1 [[ queen ]], 7. VIII. 1897. Klemenz!).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 3 times found in deciduous forest, 1 times found in Bosque Quercus pyrenaica, 1 times found in shrubs around the old monastery, 1 times found in stony slope with small trees (Quercus cerris), 1 times found in Disturbed Mediterranean Forest, 1 times found in xerothermous river valley, 1 times found in Disturbed Mediterranean Forest (Quecus pyrenaea, pinus, etc.), 1 times found in dry, bushy meadow, 1 times found in forest edge, 1 times found in Mediterranean forest (Quercus pyrenaea, Pinus, Castanea sativa, etc.), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times on leaf litter, 2 times on ground, 2 times ground nest, 2 times Foraging, 1 times under stone, 1 times Nest under stone, 1 times in lawn, 1 times ground (-5-0 cm), 1 times Bajo piedra, 1 times 1.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times search, 4 times Hand, 1 times pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 162 - 1250 meters, 720 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1906-05-06 00:00:00.0 and 2020-08-12 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: neotype of Formica gagates: casent0913657; syntype of Formica gagates: casent0913656; syntype of Formica fusca fuscogagates: casent0911074; type of Formica fusca fuscogagates: antweb1008396



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