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Species: Formica pratensis   Retzius, 1783 

Classification:
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Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica pratensis Retzius, 1783 PDF: 75 (w.) GERMANY. Palearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: neotype worker (by designation of B. Seifert 2020). Type-locality: Germany: 51.4048°N, 14.8746°E, Daubitz - 3.3 km ENE, 162 m, flacher Hügel, 30.vi.1999 -050 (R. Schultz). Type-depository: SMNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1874 PDF: 52 (q.m.)
Subspecies of Formica rufa: Forel, 1874 PDF: 52 (in key); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 450; Forel, 1886h PDF: 138; Lameere, 1892: 63; Forel, 1892j PDF: 307; Emery, 1893m PDF: 206 (footnote); Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 68; Saunders, 1896 PDF: 20; Ruzsky, 1905b: 337; Wheeler, 1906h PDF: 323; Emery, 1909b PDF: 186; Forel, 1909c PDF: 105; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 483; Yano, 1910a PDF: 421; Wheeler, 1913i PDF: 428 (redescription); Stitz, 1914 PDF: 92; Emery, 1914c PDF: 158; Forel, 1915d: 57 (in key); Ruzsky, 1915b: 7; Donisthorpe, 1915f PDF: 267; Emery, 1916a PDF: 256; Ruzsky, 1916: 4; Escherich, 1917: 335 (in key); Nadig, 1918 PDF: 341; Kulmatycki, 1922 PDF: 82; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 80; Finzi, 1923a PDF: 4; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b PDF: 244; Vashkevich, 1924b PDF: 147; Emery, 1925d PDF: 254; Ruzsky, 1925a PDF: 287; Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 43; Krausse, 1926a: 107; Krausse, 1926d PDF: 264; Karavaiev, 1926e PDF: 195; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1926c PDF: 96; Santschi, 1926f PDF: 289; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 302; Karavaiev, 1927d: 282 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927e PDF: 345; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1928b PDF: 10; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a PDF: 20; Karavaiev, 1929d PDF: 217; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 38; Karavaiev, 1930b PDF: 149; Karavaiev, 1931e PDF: 217; Gösswald, 1932 PDF: 32; Teranishi, 1932 PDF: 53; Arnol'di, 1933a: 604 (in key); Teranishi, 1934b PDF: 38; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 104; Karavaiev, 1935b PDF: 109; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 54; Karavaiev, 1936: 245 (redescription); Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 91; Karavaiev, 1937 PDF: 175; Stitz, 1939: 341; Teranishi, 1940: 22; Gösswald, 1941 PDF: 81; Holgersen, 1942b PDF: 13; Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 176 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 186; Ceballos, 1956: 320.
Status as species: Olivier, 1792: 504; Roger, 1863b PDF: 13, 47; André, 1874b: 184 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 6; Emery, 1878: 48; Mayr, 1880 PDF: 26; André, 1882c PDF: 184 (in key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 256; Nasonov, 1889: 17; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 204; Ruzsky, 1902a PDF: 232; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 10; Ruzsky, 1902e PDF: 15; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 205; Ruzsky, 1904b: 5; Forel, 1904c PDF: 385; Forel, 1906c PDF: 189; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 112 (in key); Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 352; Donisthorpe, 1915f PDF: 267; Bondroit, 1917a PDF: 174 (in key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 57; Santschi, 1919e PDF: 246; Müller, 1923b PDF: 142; Lomnicki, 1925a PDF: 16 (in key); Ruzsky, 1926 PDF: 110; Betrem, 1926 PDF: 213 (in key); Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 149 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 309; Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 8; Soudek, 1931 PDF: 16; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 105 (in key); Stärcke, 1942a PDF: 22; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 69; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 188 (in key); Röszler, 1950 PDF: 214; Donisthorpe, 1950e PDF: 1064; Yarrow, 1955a PDF: 4; Kutter, 1965b PDF: 140; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 84; Kutter, 1968b PDF: 61; Kutter, 1968c: 206; Pisarski, 1969b: 313; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 89; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 222; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 169; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1971 PDF: 177 (redescription); Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 355; Paraschivescu, 1972b PDF: 534; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 7 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 46; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 194 (redescription); Kutter, 1977c: 272; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 93 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 554 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 152; Dlussky, 1981b PDF: 17; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 59; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 286 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 84; Gösswald, 1989: 19; Wu, 1990 PDF: 5 (in key); Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 272; Seifert, 1992a PDF: 225; Radchenko, 1994b: 114 (in key); Douwes, 1995: 98; Bolton, 1995b: 201; Poldi et al., 1995: 8; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 144; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 28; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 26 (in key); Tinaut & Martínez-Ibañez, 1998d PDF: 37 (in key); Collingwood & Heatwole, 2002 PDF: 14; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 77; Karaman & Karaman, 2003 PDF: 50; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 232; Karaman & Karaman, 2005 PDF: 60; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 147; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 67; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 71, 113 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 205; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 20; Pfeiffer et al., 2007 PDF: 4; Seifert, 2007: 308; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 159; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 233; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 134; Borowiec et al., 2009 PDF: 378; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 482; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 52; Boer, 2010: 25; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 59; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 81; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 36; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 495; Czechowski et al., 2012: 202; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 32; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 11; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 77 (see note in bibliography); Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 19; Lebas et al., 2016: 174; Radchenko, 2016: 291; Steiner et al., 2017: 9; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Seifert, 2018: 316; Werner et al., 2018 PDF: 6; Seifert, 2021 10.25849/myrmecol.news_031:133 PDF: 159 (diagnosis).
[Note: Bernard, 1967a PDF: 314, gives Formica nigricans as senior synonym, but Formica pratensis has priority.]
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: China, Georgia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Turkey
    Europe: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Formica pratensis   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 18, (download) 18 3994
Formica pratensis   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 152-153, (download) 152-153 6175

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 164 times found in Unknown, 124 times found in heathlands, 31 times found in Forest, 23 times found in Anthropogenic, 17 times found in dry grassland, 13 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 9 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 6 times found in shrubs, 5 times found in Wet grassland, 4 times found in xerothermous open grassland, sand, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times Forrajeando, 3 times thatched nest, 3 times on the ground, 2 times tending aphids on yarrow, 2 times nido, 2 times nest mound, 1 times found on sandy ground, 1 times foraging in grass, 1 times Sobre Salix sp., 1 times Sobre Rosa canina, 1 times Sobre Quercus pirenaica, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 190 times Pitfall trap, 83 times Manual catch, 15 times Hand, 15 times search, 3 times Malaise trap, 2 times insect net, 2 times beating, 1 times Color trap.

Elevations: collected from 92 - 2200 meters, 1009 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1870-06-15 00:00:00.0 and 2020-03-19 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: syntype of Formica pratensis cordieri: casent0915374; type of Formica cordieri: antweb1008390



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