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Over 70 species of ants have now been recorded from the region (D. Agosti, B. Tigar & C. Collingwood, unpublished data). Our knowledge of this interesting fauna is based in the following works: Tigar & Collingwood, 1993; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996; Collingwood and Tigar & Agosti, 1997. Most of the endemic Arabian ants are described and illustrated in Collingwood & Agosti (1996), while the recent work of Collingwood, Agosti, Sharaf & Van Harten (2011) provide a comprehensive overview of the fauna.
The United Arab Emirates is a major country located on the Arabian Peninsula. The UAE has long been a centre for trade in the Middle East and many arthropods have probably entered the country on imported goods. Fifteen species of introduced ants, including eight cosmopolitan or tramp species, have been recorded in the United Arab Emirates (Collingwood et al. 1997). They are Cardiocondyla emeryi, Camponotus compressus, lridomyrmex anceps, Linepithema humile, Monomorium destructor, Monomorium indicum, Pachycondyla sennaarensis, Paratrechina fiavipes, Paratrechina jaegerskioeldi, Paratrechina longicornis, Pheidole teneriffana, Solenopsis geminata, Tapinoma melanocephalum, Tapinoma simrothi and Tetramorium bicarinatum.
Mostafa Sharaf & Donat Agosti
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