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The 237 names listed here are a first attempt to organize a modern checklist for the ants of the Solomon Islands. Of these, 215 are valid names that are recorded in the literature or belong to examined specimens. The remaining names are morphocodes that represent a combination of undescribed species new to science, and previously described species whose identities have not yet been confirmed. The list includes approximately 25 species that have likely been introduced to the Solomons by humans. The most destructive introduced species is Wasmannia auropunctata (the Little Fire Ant) which is causing widespread harm to the archipelago?s forest ecosystem and to the quality of life of many of the archipelago's native villagers.
The five islands with the highest number of species records, listed from greatest to least, are: Makira (142 spp.), Guadalcanal (107 spp.), Malaita (71 spp.), Santa Isabel (68 spp.), and Rennell (66 spp.). Fourteen individual islands have occurrence records for between 11?38 species. Thirteen individual islands have occurrence records for between 1?8 species. The ten most widely distributed species, with the number of islands each is reported from, are: Odontomachus simillimus (27), Anoplolepis gracilipes (18), Camponotus bedoti (17), Nylanderia vaga (15), Anochetus graeffei (13), Eurhopalothrix procera (13), Myopopone castanea (13), Oecophylla smaragdina subnitida (13), Pachycondyla stigma (13), Philidris myrmecodiae (13).
The ant fauna of the Solomons is poorly known. Besides Sarnat et. al (2013), the only other major work to date remains W. M. Mann?s (1919) Ants of the British Solomon Islands. Mann's spent six months exploring many of the islands, including Santa Cruz, San Cristoval (Makira),the Three Sisters, Ugi, Russell, Malaita, Florida and Ysabel. Mann reported the occurrence of 136 currently recognized species and subspecies, of which he described 68 from his own collections.Sarnat, E., Blanchard, B., Guenard, B., Fasi, J. & Economo, E. (2013) Checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of the Solomon Islands and a new survey of Makira Island. Zookeys, 257, 47-88. | PDF
Eli Sarnat & Evan Economo