Current View: Bolton World Catalog
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb

X

To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print: . Accessed

· For web:


Genus: Ponera   Latreille, 1804 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 57 valid species

Fossil: 5 valid species

Ponera Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica coarctata, by subsequent designation of Westwood, 1840a PDF: 83 (see discussion in Taylor, 1967a PDF: 6). AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Ponera in Poneridae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 83; Smith, 1871b PDF: 320.
Ponera in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 386 [Poneridae]; Smith, 1857a PDF: 65 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 54 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 13 [Poneridae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 455 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 37.
Genus Ponera references
[References before Taylor, 1967a refer to both Ponera and Hypoponera.]
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 386 (diagnosis); Smith, 1858a PDF: 83 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1862 PDF: 721 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b PDF: 16 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 447 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 13 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 85 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874 PDF: 64 (Switzerland species key); Mayr, 1879 PDF: 661 (all species key); Emery, 1882a: 239 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 37 (catalogue); Emery, 1895n: 60 (Mediterranean species key); Emery, 1896g PDF: 53 (New World species key); Emery, 1900b PDF: 316 (Australia, Papuasia & Oceania species key); Forel, 1900f PDF: 322 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 89 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1909d PDF: 367 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 88 (diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 76 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 107 (Italy species key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 81 (France & Belgium species key); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 73 (Argentina species key); Mann, 1921 PDF: 419 (Fiji species key); Wheeler, 1922: 780, 1009 (Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1931b PDF: 266 (Costa Rica species key); Wheeler, 1933g PDF: 13 (Pseudocryptopone species key); Smith, 1936d PDF: 420 (North America species key); Stitz, 1939: 58 (Germany species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 47 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 68, 73, 74 (Asia Ponera, Pseudocryptopone, Selenopone checklists); Bernard, 1953b PDF: 197 (West Africa species key); Wilson, 1957b PDF: 359, 376 (Ponera tenuis, Ponera selenophora groups revisions, keys); Wilson, 1958g PDF: 323, 343 (Melanesia & Moluccas species, Fiji species revisions, keys); Brown, 1958h PDF: 22 (New Zealand species); Taylor, 1960 PDF: 180 (Ponera leae complex, key); Taylor, 1964 PDF: 139 (*fossil species, review); Taylor, 1967a PDF: 18 (diagnosis, all species revision, key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 83 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Smith, 1979: 1341 (North America catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 38 (Australia catalogue); Ogata, 1987a PDF: 120 (diagnosis, Japan); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 63 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand, checklist); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1989: 22 (Japan species key); Perrault, 1993 PDF: 337 (addition to Taylor, 1967a key); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 360 (catalogue); Terayama, 1996B: 14 (Japan species key); Kim et al., 1998: 149 (Korea species key); Shattuck, 1999: 199 (Australia synopsis); Xu, 2001A PDF: 52 and Xu, 2001C PDF: 218 (China species keys); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 37 (China, Guangxi species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 170 (synopsis); Yoshimura, Hosoishi, et al. 2009: 200 (Japan species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 109 (Taiwan species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 162 (Fiji species key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 200 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Bharti & Rilta, 2015 PDF: 9 (India species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 271 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Ponera worker and larvae. Diamond Creek, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles, Tanzania, Tunisia
    Americas: Brazil, Canada, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, United States
    Asia: Azerbaijan, Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Krakatau Islands, Lebanon, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Ponera   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 123-124, (download) 123-124 6734
Ponera   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 155, (download) 155 21820
Ponera   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 103, (download) 103 4764
Ponera   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 38, (download) 38 21365
Ponera   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 721, (download) 721 4445
Ponera   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher, pp. -1--1: 45, (download) 45 8138
Ponera   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 83, (download) 83 8127
Ponera   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 124, (download) 124 6734
Ponera   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 6, (download) 6 8200
Ponera   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 32, (download) 32 6175
Ponera   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 117, (download) 117 4764


See something amiss? Send us an email.
Enlarge Map