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Genus: Odontomachus   Latreille, 1804 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 70 species

Fossil: 3 species

Odontomachus Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica haematoda, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Genus Odontomachus references
Roger, 1863b: 21 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 11 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1892f PDF: 559 (all species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 49 (catalogue); Forel, 1900d PDF: 57 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 47 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 111 (diagnosis, catalogue); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 95 (Argentina species key); Wheeler, 1922: 99, 792, 1013 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 55 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 42 (Asia checklist); Wilson, 1959c PDF: 485 (Melanesia & Moluccas species revision, key); Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (Neotropical species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 170 (Neotropical catalogue); Brown, 1976a: 111, 114, 117 (New World species, Malesian & Austral species, Afrotropical & Malagasy species keys); Smith, 1979: 1344 (North America catalogue); Deyrup, Trager & Carlin, 1985 PDF: 188 (Southeastern U.S.A. species, review); Brown, 1978b PDF: 281 (supplement to Brown, 1976a); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 36 (Australia catalogue); Ogata, 1987a PDF: 125 (diagnosis, all castes, Japan); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 48 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Wang, M. 1993: 220 (China species key); De Andrade, 1994c PDF: 24 (Dominican Amber species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 294 (catalogue); Gronenberg, 1995: 391 (mandible morphology); Shattuck, 1999: 194 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 25 (China, Guangxi species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 164 (synopsis); Deyrup & Cover, 2004B PDF: 141 (U.S.A. species key); Yoshimura, Onoyama & Ogata, 2007 PDF: 89 (Japan species key); Fisher & Smith, 2008 PDF: 13 (Malagasy species revision, key); Rodríguez, in Fernández, 2008A PDF: 151 (Neotropical species key); Sorger & Zettel, 2011 PDF: 143 (Philippines species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 158 (Fiji species key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 114 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Satria, Kurushima, Herwina, Yamane & Eguchi, 2015 PDF: 1 (Sumatra species key); Cantone, 2017: 266 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Odontomachus bauri. Millisecnds ahead of a mandible strike, a tropical trap-jaw ant closes in on its cricket prey. La Selva, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Image © Alex Wild.

Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala. Dr Kalesh Sadasivan 2016 . kaleshs2002in@gmail.com


Overview:

Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala

Distribution:

   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Africa, Benin, Bioko Norte, Botswana, Bundibugyo, Cabo Delgado, Cameroon, Central, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eastern Africa, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estuaire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kabarole, Kakamega, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Limpopo, Middle Africa, Morogoro, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, Northern, Ogooué-Maritime, Príncipe, Pwani, Sangha-Mbaéré, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sofala, South, South Africa, South-West, Southern Africa, São Tomé, Tambacounda, Tanga, Tanzania, Tshopo, Uganda, Western, Western Africa, Woleu-Ntem, Zambia, Zambézia, Zanzibar Central/South, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Barrow Island, Central, Chimbu, Choiseul, East New Britain, East Sepik, Eastern Highlands, Enga, Guadalcanal, Madang, Malaita, Maluku, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, New Caledonia, New Ireland, New South Wales, Northern, Northern Territory, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Oceania, Papua, Papua Barat, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Sud, Tasmania, Vanuatu, Victoria, West New Britain, West Sepik, Western, Western Australia
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Asia, Assam, Bali, Bangladesh, Benguet, Borneo, Brunei, Cambodia, Central, Christmas Island, Hainan, Hubei, India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Krung Thep Maha Nakhon, Lampung, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nantou, Negros Oriental, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Occidental Mindoro, Okinawa, Palawan, Perak, Philippines, Quezon, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Singapore, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi Selatan, Sumatera Barat, Tacloban, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Yunnan
Malagasy Region: Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Grand Anse Praslin, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Seychelles, Toamasina
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Hidalgo, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North America, Nuevo León, Puebla, Sonora, Texas, United States
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Amazonas, Americas, Antioquia, Aragua, Argentina, Atlántida, Bahamas, Baja Verapaz, Barbados, Barinas, Belize, Bermuda, Bocas del Toro, Bolivia, Bolívar, Bolívar, Boquerón, Brazil, Canindeyú, Caribbean, Cartago, Central America, Chiapas, Chiriquí, Chocó, Chontales, Cibao Nordeste, Cibao Noroeste, Cibao Norte, Cibao Sur, Coclé, Colima, Colombia, Colón, Colón, Comayagua, Corrientes, Cortés, Costa Caribe Norte, Costa Caribe Sur, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cundinamarca, Cusco, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Darién, Demerara-Mahaica, Dominican Republic, Duarte, Ecuador, El Progreso, El Salvador, Enriquillo, Escuintla, Estelí, Formosa, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Galápagos, Gracias a Dios, Granada, Granma, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guantánamo, Guatemala, Guatemala, Guerrero, Guyana, Haiti, Heredia, Holguín, Honduras, Huehuetenango, Huánuco, Islas de la Bahía, Izabal, Jalisco, Jamaica, Jinotega, Kuna Yala, La Guajira, La Libertad, La Paz, La Vega, Lempira, Limón, Loreto, Los Ríos, Madre de Dios, Magdalena, Managua, Martinique, María Trinidad Sánchez, Matagalpa, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Meta, Mexico, Minas Gerais, Morelos, Mérida, Nacional, Napo, Nayarit, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Oaxaca, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Orellana, Panama, Panamá, Panamá Oeste, Paraguay, Pará, Pedernales, Peru, Petén, Pichincha, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Quintana Roo, Retalhuleu, Rio de Janeiro, Rivas, Río San Juan, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San José, San José de Ocoa, San Salvador, Santa Cruz, Santiago de Cuba, Sinaloa, Sonsonate, South America, Suchitepéquez, Sucumbíos, Suriname, São Paulo, Tamaulipas, Trelawny, Trinidad and Tobago, Trujillo, Tunapuna-Piarco, United States Virgin Islands, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Valdesia, Valle del Cauca, Venezuela, Veracruz, Yucatán, Zacapa, Zulia, Ñeembucú
Oceania Region: Airai, Angaur, Ba, Bua, Cakaudrove, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Kadavu, Kayangel, Kiribati, Koror, Lau, Lomaiviti, Macuata, Marshall Islands, Melanesia, Micronesia, Micronesia, Naitasiri, Namosi, Ngarchelong, Ngardmau, Ngatpang, Ngchesar, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Peleliu, Pohnpei, Polynesia, Ra, Rewa, Samoa, Serua, Sonsorol, Tailevu, Tokelau, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna
Palearctic Region: Algeria, China, Czech Republic, Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Europe, Georgia, Japan, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Ústecký

Identification:

For Costa Rica:  http://www.antweb.org/costarica/crodontomachus.jsp

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus sp. 1   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 151-152, (download) 151-152 23311
Odontomachus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 99, (download) 99 20597
Odontomachus   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 34, (download) 34 21365
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 103-104, (download) 103-104 6734
Odontomachus   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 104, (download) 104 4764
Odontomachus   Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 13-14, (download) 13-14 21401
Odontomachus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 418-419, (download) 418-419 3951
Odontomachus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 710-711, (download) 710-711 4445


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