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Genus: Odontomachus   Latreille, 1804 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 70 species

Fossil: 3 species

Odontomachus Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica haematoda, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Genus Odontomachus references
Roger, 1863b: 21 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 11 (diagnosis); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 258 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1892f PDF: 559 (all species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 49 (catalogue); Forel, 1900d PDF: 57 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 47 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 111 (diagnosis, catalogue); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 95 (Argentina species key); Wheeler, 1922: 99, 792, 1013 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 55 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 42 (Asia checklist); Wilson, 1959c PDF: 485 (Melanesia & Moluccas species revision, key); Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (Neotropical species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 170 (Neotropical catalogue); Brown, 1976a: 111, 114, 117 (New World species, Malesian & Austral species, Afrotropical & Malagasy species keys); Smith, 1979: 1344 (North America catalogue); Deyrup, Trager & Carlin, 1985 PDF: 188 (Southeastern U.S.A. species, review); Brown, 1978b PDF: 281 (supplement to Brown, 1976a); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 36 (Australia catalogue); Ogata, 1987a PDF: 125 (diagnosis, all castes, Japan); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 48 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Wang, M. 1993: 220 (China species key); De Andrade, 1994c PDF: 24 (Dominican Amber species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 294 (catalogue); Gronenberg, 1995: 391 (mandible morphology); Shattuck, 1999: 194 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 25 (China, Guangxi species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 164 (synopsis); Deyrup & Cover, 2004B PDF: 141 (U.S.A. species key); Yoshimura, Onoyama & Ogata, 2007 PDF: 89 (Japan species key); Fisher & Smith, 2008 PDF: 13 (Malagasy species revision, key); Rodríguez, in Fernández, 2008A PDF: 151 (Neotropical species key); Sorger & Zettel, 2011 PDF: 143 (Philippines species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 158 (Fiji species key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 114 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations); Satria, Kurushima, Herwina, Yamane & Eguchi, 2015 PDF: 1 (Sumatra species key)

Taxon Page Images:



Odontomachus bauri. Millisecnds ahead of a mandible strike, a tropical trap-jaw ant closes in on its cricket prey. La Selva, Heredia, Costa Rica.
Image © Alex Wild.

Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala. Dr Kalesh Sadasivan 2016 . kaleshs2002in@gmail.com


Overview:

Odontomachus simillimus, Western Ghats, Kerala

Distribution:

   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions.

Afrotropical Region: Benin, Botswana, Bundibugyo, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estuaire, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kabarole, Kenya, Kibale NP, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Limpopo, Morogoro, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, Ogooue-Maritime, Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré, Principie, Pwani, Sao Tome, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, South Africa, Sud, Sud-Ouest, Tanga, Tanzania, Uganda, Unguja, West Uganda, Western Uganda, Woleu-Ntem, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Barrow Island, Bougainville Island, Central, Chimbu, Choiseul, East Sepik, Eastern Highlands, Enga, Guadalcanal, Madang, Malaita, Maluku, Manus, Milne Bay, Morobe, New Britain, New Caledonia, New Georgia, New Guinea, New Ireland, New South Wales, Nggela, Northern, Northern Territories, Northern Territory, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Papua, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Rennell Is., Russell Is., San Cristobal, Sandaun, Santa Ysabel Is. [Santa Isabel Is.], Solomon Islands, South Australia, Tasmania, Vanuatu, Victoria, West New Britain, West Sepik, Western, Western Australia, unknown District PNG
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Assam, Bali, Bangladesh, Benguet, Borneo, Cambodia, Christmas Island, Hainan, Indonesia, Irian Jaya, Java, Krakatau Islands, Krung Thep Mahanakhon, Lampung, Luzon, Malaysia, Mindanao, Myanmar, Nantou, Negros Oriental, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Okinawa, Palawan, Perak, Philippines, Quezon, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi Selatan, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Papua, West Sumatra, Yunnan
Malagasy Region: Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Praslin, Seychelles, Toamasina
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Hidalgo, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, Sonora, Texas
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Amazonas, Antioquia, Aragua, Argentina, Atlántida, Bahamas, Baja Verapaz, Barbados, Barinas, Basse Terre, Basse-Terre, Belize, Bermuda, Bocas del Toro, Bolivia, Bolívar, Brazil, Canal Zone, Canindeyú, Cartago, Cayenne, Changuinola, Chiapas, Chocó, Chontales, Colombia, Comayagua, Corrientes, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cundinamarca, Cusco, Demerara, Distrito Nacional, Dominican Republic, Duarte, Ecuador, El Progreso, El Salvador, Escuintla, Estelí, Formosa, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Gracias a Dios, Granada, Grand Terre, Grande-Terre, Granma, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guantanamo, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Heredia, Higüey, Honduras, Huánuco, Islas de la Bahía, Izabal, Jalisco, Jamaica, Jinotega, La Guajira, La Libertad, La Paz, La Vega, Lempira, Limón, Loreto, Los Rios, Madre de Dios, Magdalena, Managua, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Marie Galante, Martinique, Matagalpa, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mazaruni-Potaro, Morelos, Mérida, Napo, Nayarit, Neembucú, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Oaxaca, Ocotopeque, Olancho, Orellana, Panam, Panama, Panamá, Panamá Oeste, Para, Paraguay, Peru, Petén, Pichincha, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Quintana Roo, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur, Retalhuleu, Rio de Janeiro, Rivas, Rupununi, Río San Juan, Saint Ann, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Blas, San José, San Salvador, Santa Cruz, Santiago de Cuba, Sinaloa, Sonsonate, St. Andrew, Suchitepéquez, Sucumbios, Suriname, Tamaulipas, Trelawny, Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago, Trujillo, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Valle de Cauca, Valle del Cauca, Venezuela, Veracruz, West Demerara, Yucatán, Zacapa, Zulia
Oceania Region: Ba, Bua, Cakaudrove, Fiji, French Polynesia, Gaga'ifomauga, Guam, Kadavu, Kiribati, Lau, Lomaiviti, Macuata, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Naitaisri, Naitasiri, Namosi, Navosa, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pohnpei, Ra, Rewa, Samoa, Sera, Serua, Tailevu, Tokelau, Tonga, Viti Levu, Vuda, Wainikeli, Wallis and Futuna Islands
Palearctic Region: Algeria, China, Denmark, Georgia, Japan

Identification:

For Costa Rica:  http://www.antweb.org/costarica/crodontomachus.jsp

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus sp. 1   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 151-152, (download) 151-152 23311
Odontomachus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 99, (download) 99 20597
Odontomachus   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 34, (download) 34 21365
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 103-104, (download) 103-104 6734
Odontomachus   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 104, (download) 104 4764
Odontomachus   Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 13-14, (download) 13-14 21401
Odontomachus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus   Forel, A., 1894, Les formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IV. Adjonction aux genres Camponotus, Mayr., et Polyrhachis, Shuck., Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 8, pp. 396-420: 418-419, (download) 418-419 3951
Odontomachus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 710-711, (download) 710-711 4445


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