Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)
Distribution:Indomalaya Region: Asia
, South-Eastern AsiaNearctic Region: Alabama
, North America
, United StatesNeotropical Region: Americas
, Central America
, Costa Rica
, French Guiana
, Madre de Dios
, South America
, Trinidad and Tobago
, United States Virgin Islands
, ÑeembucúPalearctic Region: China
, Eastern Asia
Brown (1976) considered Odontomachus haematodus
to be restricted to "cis-Andean continental S America from [the] Orinoco Delta to Tucumán, Argentina." Records from elsewhere should be treated cautiously.
(Including range previously given here, but provided for integrity: India,Neotropical: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Eucador, Guyana, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Brazil, Surinam, Philippines, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Bahamas.)
Striae on head reaching occipital carina; first gastric tergum predominantly smooth; metasternum with acute paired denticles anterior to metacoxae; body brown, legs yellow to brown. Easily confused with the Nearctic Odontomachus brunneus
, but the latter taxon lacks metasternal processes.
Brown, W. L., Jr. (1976) Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus
. Studia Entomologica
, 19: 67-171.
Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)
Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download)
Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 157-158, (download)
Specimen Habitat Summary
Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Tropical Hardwood Forest, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in rainforest clearing, 1 times found in at base of pine tree, 0 times found in Degraded rain forest, 0 times found in Forest Preserve, 1 times found in Grassland, 1 times found in Port of entry, 1 times found in secondgrowth rainforest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times general collecting, 2 times strays, 1 times on orchids, 1 times Nest in soil, 1 times ground forager(s).
Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times pan trap, 3 times search, 0 times In log, 1 times in litter, 0 times Under log, 0 times Forest floor, 1 times Ground nest, 1 times Hand, 1 times litter sample, 1 times Nest in base of bromeliad, 0 times At base of tree, ...
Elevations: collected from 30 - 1014 meters, 310 meters average
Type specimens: Holotype of Odontomachus haematoda pallipes: casent0900582; syntype of Odontomachus hirsutisculus: casent0900581; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus pubescens bruneipes: casent0904007
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