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Species: Odontomachus haematodus   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica haematoda Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 582 (q.) "AMERICA MERIDIONALI". Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Odontomachus: Latreille, 1804: 179.
Senior synonym of Odontomachus maxillosa: Retzius, 1783: 75; Olivier, 1792: 502; Latreille, 1802a: 192; of Odontomachus hirsutiusculus: Roger, 1863b: 22; Brown, 1976a: 104; of Odontomachus pallipes and material of the unavailable name Odontomachus bruneipes referred here: Brown, 1976a: 104.


Indomalaya Region: Asia, Borneo, South-Eastern Asia
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, North America, United States
Neotropical Region: Americas, Argentina, Bahamas, Bolivia, Bolívar, Brazil, Caribbean, Central America, Colombia, Corrientes, Costa Rica, Demerara-Mahaica, Ecuador, Formosa, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Madre de Dios, Martinique, Mexico, Nayarit, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Pará, Peru, South America, Suchitepéquez, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela, Veracruz, Ñeembucú
Palearctic Region: China, Eastern Asia

Distribution Notes:

Brown (1976) considered Odontomachus haematodus to be restricted to "cis-Andean continental S America from [the] Orinoco Delta to Tucumán, Argentina." Records from elsewhere should be treated cautiously. (Including range previously given here, but provided for integrity: India,Neotropical: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Eucador, Guyana, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Brazil, Surinam, Philippines, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Bahamas.)


Striae on head reaching occipital carina; first gastric tergum predominantly smooth; metasternum with acute paired denticles anterior to metacoxae; body brown, legs yellow to brown. Easily confused with the Nearctic Odontomachus brunneus, but the latter taxon lacks metasternal processes.


Brown, W. L., Jr. (1976) Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomologica, 19: 67-171.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus haematodus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus haematodus   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 157-158, (download) 157-158 23311

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Tropical Hardwood Forest, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in rainforest clearing, 1 times found in at base of pine tree, 1 times found in Grassland, 1 times found in Port of entry, 1 times found in secondgrowth rainforest, 1 times found in 1� forest, 1 times found in wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times general collecting, 2 times strays, 1 times on orchids, 1 times Nest in soil, 1 times ground forager(s).

Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times pan trap, 3 times search, 0 times In log, 1 times in litter, 1 times Hand, 1 times litter sample, 1 times Nest in base of bromeliad, 0 times At base of tree, 0 times On wild fig tree, 0 times Base of hardwood in soil, 0 times Base of stump, ...

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1014 meters, 310 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Odontomachus haematoda pallipes: casent0900582; syntype of Odontomachus hirsutisculus: casent0900581; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus pubescens bruneipes: casent0904007

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