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Species: Odontomachus haematodus   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

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See Also:

Odontomachus haematodus bauri, Odontomachus haematodus breviceps, Odontomachus haematodus bruneipes, Odontomachus haematodus clarionensis, Odontomachus haematodus clarus, Odontomachus haematodus coninodis, Odontomachus haematodus dulcis, Odontomachus haematodus fuscipennis, Odontomachus haematodus fuscus, Odontomachus haematodus hirsutiusculus, Odontomachus haematodus insularis, Odontomachus haematodus laticeps, Odontomachus haematodus meinerti, Odontomachus haematodus notata, Odontomachus haematodus notatus, Odontomachus haematodus opaciventris, Odontomachus haematodus pallens, Odontomachus haematodus pallipes, Odontomachus haematodus paucidens, Odontomachus haematodus peruanus, Odontomachus haematodus pubescens, Odontomachus haematodus repetita, Odontomachus haematodus ruginodis, Odontomachus haematodus rugisquama, Odontomachus haematodus stanleyi, Odontomachus haematodus wheeleri

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Formica haematoda Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 582 (q.) "AMERICA MERIDIONALI". Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Odontomachus: Latreille, 1804: 179.
Senior synonym of Odontomachus maxillosa: Retzius, 1783: 75; Olivier, 1792: 502; Latreille, 1802a: 192; of Odontomachus hirsutiusculus: Roger, 1863b: 22; Brown, 1976a: 104; of Odontomachus pallipes and material of the unavailable name Odontomachus bruneipes referred here: Brown, 1976a: 104.


Indomalaya Region: Borneo
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Florida, Mississippi
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bahamas, Bolivia, Brazil, Cayenne, Colombia, Corrientes, Costa Rica, Demerara, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Martinique, Neembucú, Nicaragua, Panama, Para, Paraguay, Peru, Rupununi, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, West Demerara
Palearctic Region: China

Distribution Notes:

Brown (1976) considered Odontomachus haematodus to be restricted to "cis-Andean continental S America from [the] Orinoco Delta to Tucumán, Argentina." Records from elsewhere should be treated cautiously. (Including range previously given here, but provided for integrity: India,Neotropical: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Eucador, Guyana, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Brazil, Surinam, Philippines, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Bahamas.)


Striae on head reaching occipital carina; first gastric tergum predominantly smooth; metasternum with acute paired denticles anterior to metacoxae; body brown, legs yellow to brown. Easily confused with the Nearctic Odontomachus brunneus, but the latter taxon lacks metasternal processes.


Brown, W. L., Jr. (1976) Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomologica, 19: 67-171.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus haematodus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus haematodus   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 157-158, (download) 157-158 23311

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Tropical Hardwood Forest, 2 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in rainforest clearing, 1 times found in at base of pine tree, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in Port of entry, 1 times found in secondgrowth rainforest, 1 times found in 1� forest, 1 times found in wet forest, 0 times found in Degraded rain forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times general collecting, 2 times strays, 1 times on orchids, 1 times Nest in soil, 1 times ground forager(s).

Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times pan trap, 3 times search, 0 times In log, 1 times in litter, 1 times litter sample, 1 times Nest in base of bromeliad, 0 times At base of tree, 0 times On wild fig tree, 0 times Base of hardwood in soil, 0 times Base of stump, 0 times Base of tree, ...

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1014 meters, 310 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Odontomachus haematoda pallipes: casent0900582; syntype of Odontomachus hirsutisculus: casent0900581; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus pubescens bruneipes: casent0904007

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