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Southern Mexico to Northern Argentina (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: wet to moist forest of both slopes to mid-elevations; more abundant at mid-elevations than in the lowlands.
This strikingly large species I have only seen as foragers in wet forest, on the forest floor, and often nocturnal. I have never seen a nest.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.
Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle de Fourmis, et recueil de memoires et d'observations sur les abeilles, les araignees, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. 445 pp. Paris.
|Odontomachus chelifer||Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download)||39||21367|
|Odontomachus chelifer||Forel, A., 1905, Miscellanea myrmicologiques, II (1905)., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 49, pp. 155-185: 156, (download)||156||4001|
Found most commonly in these habitats: 21 times found in wet forest, 17 times found in montane wet forest, 11 times found in lowland rainforest, 0 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 7 times found in tropical rainforest, 7 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in mature moist forest, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 3 times found in Primary wet forest, 3 times found in La Selva, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 16 times pan trap, 10 times ex sifted leaf litter, 10 times at bait, 4 times nocturnal strays, 4 times ground foragers, 4 times strays, alates from blacklight. times night collecting near blacklight #1. #3399-s, 2 times nocturnal foragers, 2 times foragers, 2 times ex pan trap, 2 times Sura, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Malaise, 18 times Pan Trap, 14 times Search, 9 times Baiting, 6 times flight intercept trap, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 4 times blacklight, 3 times winkler, 1 times Search & Berles, 1 times Unknown, 2 times at light, ...
Elevations: collected from 30 - 1500 meters, 497 meters average