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Genus: Solenopsis   Westwood, 1840 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 196 valid species, 22 valid subspecies

Fossil: 9 valid species

Solenopsis Westwood, 1840b PDF: 86. Type-species: Solenopsis mandibularis (junior synonym of Atta geminata), by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Solenopsis in Poneridae, Attidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 177.
Solenopsis in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871b PDF: 333; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 262.
Solenopsis in Myrmicidae, Pheidolidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Solenopsis in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1865 PDF: 24 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 464 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 75.
Genus Solenopsis references
Smith, 1858a PDF: 177 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b PDF: 32 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 453 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 24 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 109 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870b PDF: 996 (all species key); André, 1883b: 387 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 262 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 75 (catalogue); Emery, 1896g PDF: 82 (New World species key); Forel, 1903a PDF: 689 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 158 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Emery, 1909a PDF: 29 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 165 (Italy species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 242 (diagnosis); Emery, 1922c PDF: 195 (diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 163, 877, 1028 (diagnosis, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Emery, 1924f PDF: 218 (Oligomyrmex (Octella) diagnosis, catalogue); Creighton, 1930b PDF: 42 (subgenera key); Creighton, 1930b PDF: 45 (Solenopsis (Solenopsis) species key); Creighton, 1930b PDF: 106 (Solenopsis (Euophthalma) species key); Cole, 1942 PDF: 361 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Bernard, 1950a PDF: 5 (France species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 228 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 167 (Asia checklist); Wilson, 1952b PDF: 50 (South America Solenopsis saevissima complex, key); Kusnezov, 1953d PDF: 347 (Synsolenopsis species key); Gregg, 1963: 370 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Snelling, 1963 PDF: 1 (U.S.A.Solenopsis geminata group species); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 134 (diagnosis, review of genus, checklist); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 170 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kusnezov, 1969 PDF: 37 (Bisolenopsis species key); Buren, 1972 PDF: 1 (Solenopsis geminata group, partial revision); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 232 (Neotropical catalogue); Snelling & Hunt, 1975 PDF: 81 (Chile species key); Kutter, 1977c: 99 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 539 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 82 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Bernard, 1978a: 573 (France species key); Smith, 1979: 1385 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982: 443 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985: 302 (Germany species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 87 (Australia catalogue); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 50 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 72 (Australia, New Caledonia checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 273 (Balkans species key); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 285 (synonymy notes); Thompson & Johnson, 1989 PDF: 697 (U.S.A., Florida species key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 240 (Turkmenistan species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 378 (Neotropical catalogue); Trager, 1991 PDF: 141 (Solenopsis geminata group revision, key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 41 (Japan species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 48 (Armenia species key); Dlussky & Radchenko, 1994a PDF: 102 (Central Palaearctic species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 386 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 70 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 358 (Saudi Arabia species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 18 (Portugal species key); Shattuck, 1999: 165 (Australia synopsis); Taber, 2000: 234 (U.S.A. Solenopsis geminata group, key); Snelling, 2001: 522 (Puerto Rico Solenopsis fugax group, key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 196 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Sharaf et al., 2009 PDF: 51 (Egypt species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 157 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 176 (south-western Australia species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2011 PDF: 478 (Arabia species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 122 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2012 PDF: 17 (Egypt & Saudi Arabia key); Pacheco & Mackay, 2013 PDF : 1 (New World partial revision, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 235 (brief male diagnosis); Pitts et al., 2018 10.4289/0013-8797.120.2.308 PDF: 321 (saevissima species-group key)

Taxon Page Images:



An underground trail of thief ants, Solenopsis molesta. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Overview:

Solenopsis geminata worker

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Cameroon, Cape Verde, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australia, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Indomalaya Region: India, Indonesia, Krakatau Islands, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: Canada, United States
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela
Oceania Region: Fiji, French Polynesia, Hawaii, Micronesia, Palau, Samoa
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, China, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Libya, Macaronesia, Moldova, Monaco, Morocco, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Forel, A., 1892, Nouvelles espèces de formicides de Madagascar. (Récoltées par M. Sikora.), Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 36, pp. 516-535: -1, (download) -1 3940
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 177-178, (download) 177-178 8127
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 28-29, (download) 28-29 23462
Solenopsis   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Parvimyrma   Eguchi, K. & Bui, T. V., 2007, Parvimyrma gen. nov. belonging to the Solenopsis genus group Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae: Solenopsidini)., Zootaxa 1461, pp. 39-47: 39, (download) 39 21368
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 36, (download) 36 21008
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 163-164, (download) 163-164 20597
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367
Solenopsis   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 37, (download) 37 21367


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