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Species: Myrmica rubra   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

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See Also:

Myrmica rubra_cf, Myrmica rubra neolaevinodis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica rubra Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 580 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Myrmica: Latreille, 1804: 179.
Senior synonym of Myrmica laevinodis (and its junior synonyms Myrmica bruesi, Myrmica champlaini, Myrmica longiscapus): Yarrow, 1955c PDF: 114; Arnol'di, 1970b PDF: 1839; Boven, 1977 PDF: 115; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 530; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 52; Seifert, 1988b: 5; of Myrmica europaea: Radchenko et al., 1997: 483; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 17; of Myrmica microrubra: Steiner, Schlick-Steiner, Konrad, et al. 2006: 777.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Myrmica rubra khamensis, Myrmica rubra neolaevinodis.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, Ecuador, United States
    Asia: Armenia, China, Georgia, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia
    Europe: Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Palearctic bioregion

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Myrmica rubra   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 52-53, (download) 52-53 6175
Myrmica rubra   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 4, (download) 4 8200
Myrmica rubra   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum: 10-11, (download) 10-11 8200

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1162 times found in Unknown, 371 times found in Forest, 287 times found in Anthropogenic, 286 times found in heathlands, 210 times found in Wet grassland, 182 times found in dry grassland, 119 times found in shrubs, 62 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 35 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 22 times found in bogs & fenns, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 29 times ground nest, 11 times under rock, 5 times under stone, 4 times on the ground, 3 times birch log, 3 times under moss on boulder, 2 times stump, log stage 3, 2 times log stage 3, 2 times in moss, 1 times ground nest btw. grass, 1 times ground foraging, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1021 times Pitfall trap, 857 times Manual catch, 63 times Color trap, 55 times Malaise trap, 52 times search, 15 times White color trap, 12 times sifting of soil samples, 12 times White pitfall, 6 times Pyramid trap, 6 times beating, 5 times insect net, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1250 meters, 508 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Myrmica rubra champlaini europaea: casent0907645; syntype of Myrmica rubra champlaini: casent0904063, casent0907644; type of Myrmica microrubra: focol0722

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