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Species: Crematogaster ashmeadi   Mayr, 1886 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Crematogaster ashmeadi Mayr, 1886d PDF: 463 (w.m.) U.S.A. (Virginia, Florida, Georgia). Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Crematogaster (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922c PDF: 141; in Crematogaster (Crematogaster): Buren, 1968b PDF: 92.
See also: Johnson, 1988: 315.

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, North America, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia
Neotropical Region: Americas, Bahamas, Caribbean

Distribution Notes:

SE, north along the Mississippi to St. Louis

Biology:

Habitat: Dry-mesic to moist, remnant wooded areas, including those with highly degraded understory and ground layer, but whose old trees are still intact, also thickets and edges of old fields. Nests are in dead wood, often that of living woody plants.

Natural History: C. ashmeadi nests above ground and forages mostly in tree canopies and on lianas, in columns up and down tree trunks and vines to gain access to low vegetation. In Forest Park in St. Louis, the arboreal habitat of this species has allowed it to survive the depredations of Tetramorium tsushimae. Like all Crematogaster, this species feeds heavily on the secretions of extrafloral nectaries and honeydew-excreting hemipterans. Workers may also drink fluids from bird droppings on foliage, carrion and other protein-rich tidbits. Sexuals are reared in early summer.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in pine/palmetto flatwoods, 0 times found in Mixed hardwood forest, 3 times found in Suburban with wide-spaced, 1 times found in Hardwoods in lawn, 0 times found in Mixed subtropical forest, 0 times found in Tropical Hammock, 0 times found in woodland, 1 times found in pine/oak managed forest, 2 times found in Pinus clausa old growth, 0 times found in Mixed hardwood fores, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ex dead pecan branch on ground, 1 times in dead pine knot, 1 times dead twig pine, 1 times sifted leaf litter, 1 times in bamboo, 2 times hardwood trees, 1 times turkey oak woods. Diurnal stray, 1 times nest in Pinus elliotii branch, 1 times nest in dead branch Persea, 1 times nest in branch, Cre times Luer house, mangrove-lined bay edge, backed by hammock on shell mound. 2000, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 12 times search, 16 times Nest in twig above ground, 1 times direct collection, 0 times On tree trunk, 1 times In gall of laurel oak, 0 times Dead branch, 0 times On boardwalk, 2 times Ex rotten log, 2 times Foraging|on low vegetation, 0 times on trunk of beech, 0 times Stump, log stage 2, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 335 meters, 64 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Crematogaster ashmeadi: casent0902144, casent0919694; type of Crematogaster ashmeadi: focol1506-1, focol1506-2



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