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Species: Camponotus (Camponotus) pennsylvanicus   (De Geer, 1773) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus pennsylvanicus_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Formica pensylvanica De Geer, 1773 PDF: 603, pl. 31, figs. 9, 10 (s.w.q.m.) U.S.A. (Pennsylvania). Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Justified emendation of spelling to pennsylvanica: Buckley, 1866 PDF: 155.].
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 666.
Status as species: Retzius, 1783 PDF: 75; Olivier, 1792: 501; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 99; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 213; Smith, 1858a PDF: 53; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 666 (redescription); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 400; Roger, 1863b PDF: 6; Buckley, 1866 PDF: 155; Provancher, 1881b PDF: 355; André, 1882b PDF: 141 (in key); Provancher, 1883 PDF: 598; Provancher, 1887: 229 (in key); Nasonov, 1889: 13; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 246; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 67; Emery, 1898a PDF: 225; Forel, 1901m PDF: 70; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 205; Ruzsky, 1905b: 227; Forel, 1907h PDF: 10; Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 335; Emery, 1920b PDF: 255; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 367; Smith, 1958c PDF: 143; Carter, 1962a PDF: 7 (in list); Smith, 1967a PDF: 366; Francoeur, 1975 PDF: 264; Francoeur, 1977b PDF: 207; Smith, 1979: 1427; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 146; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 100; Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 305; Bolton, 1995b: 116; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 301; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 44; Wetterer & Wetterer, 2004 PDF: 215; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 167; Hansen & Klotz, 2005: 86; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 66; MacGown et al., 2007 PDF: 11; Ellison et al., 2012: 124; Deyrup, 2017: 196; Mackay, 2019: 292 (redescription).

Taxon Page Images:

The eastern black carpenter ant Camponotus pennsylvanicus (Urbana, Illinois).
Image copyright Alex Wild. // Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Europe: Greece
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA (MA) Southern Canada S. to Gulf Coast States (excluding pennisular Florida) W. to central TX and N. to Dakota

Biology:

Woodland, forest (including floodplain forest canopy), parks, campuses. Nests in dead wood of living trees. Forages on trees and on ground day and night, more abundantly at night.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in deciduous forest, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 0 times found in mixed mesic forest ravine, 29 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 5 times found in mixed forest, 0 times found in in swamp, 6 times found in oak area, 10 times found in bottomland hardwood forest, 13 times found in Quercus alba stump, 12 times found in oak-hickory forest, Black Belt Prairie, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on silver poplar tree (Populus alba), 2 times under bark of log, 7 times log stage 4, 7 times log stage 3, 5 times litter, 3 times strays, 5 times log stage 2, 2 times hardwood trees, 3 times under log, 1 times nests under bark of dead and down tree, 1 times nest under rock, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times pitfall trap, 3 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan and alpha pinene, 27 times bait trap, 12 times Lindgren funnel, 0 times malaise trap, 2 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan, 20 times Search, 2 times blacklight trap, 16 times direct collection, 7 times hand collecting, 7 times Lindgren funnel baited with alpha pinene, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 3200 meters, 494 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1890-06-01 and 2018-05-15

Type specimens:



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