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Species: Camponotus ligniperda   (Latreille, 1802) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus ligniperda afer, Camponotus ligniperda nigrescens

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Formica ligniperda Latreille, 1802a: 88, pl. 1, figs. A-N (s.w.q.m.) FRANCE. Palearctic. Primary type information: Seifert, 2019 10.1007/s00040-019-00693-0 PDF: Neotype (w.): "FRA: 45.3600°N, 1.9444°E / Vitrac-sur-Montane 1.8 km S / 550 m, leg. Galkowski 2008.08.28” “Neotype Camponotus ligniperda (Latr. 1802) des B. Seifert 2018” (SMNG). AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 266.
Junior synonym of Camponotus herculeanus: Bernard, 1967a PDF: 340.
revived from synonymy: Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 81.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Italy, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Throughout SLO

Biology:

Various habitats

Notes:

decreasing (Dutch vernacular name: gewone reuzenmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

32. Camponotus ligniperdaHNS (Latreille, 1802)

Fig. 122.

Formica ligniperda LatreilleHNS, 1802a:88.

This species is similar in all castes to C. herculeanusHNS but distinguished by the brighter colour and more shining gaster.

Worker. Alitrunk bright yellowish red to red; pubescence is short and sparse, usually absent on medial dorsal surfaces of the first and second gaster tergites. Length: 6-14 mm.

Queen. Propodeum, scale and usually anterior face of gaster clear red, rest worker, head punctures shallow. Length: 16-18 mm.

Male. Pilosity reduced so that projecting hairs usually absent from the first gasw tergite with only one or two present towards the posterior border of the second tergite. Length: 8-12 mm.

Distribution. Common in Central and South Fennoscandia north to latitude 63°; more local in Denmark; not found in British Isles. - Range: Central Spain to West Russia, Sicily to Central Sweden.

Biology. This species is characteristically found in stony banks and along the sun exposed borders of woodland, either nesting under stones or in dry stumps. It is an aggressive ant biting freely and will sometimes attack other CamponotusHNS or FormicaHNS colonies. The larger workers bite their opponents clean through the alitrunk or crush their heads with their strong mandibles. A more xerothermic species than C. herculeanusHNS its habits are otherwise similar.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 90 times found in Unknown, 1 times found in P. sylvestris, Betula, Juniperus, 2 times found in Mixed montane forest, 2 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 2 times found in montane coniferous forest, 2 times found in beech forest, 2 times found in N-slope, pine forest, 2 times found in Forest, 1 times found in forest edge, 1 times found in Meadow, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times on the ground, 3 times ground foragers, 3 times ground forager, 2 times under stone, 1 times Tocón, 1 times on tree, 1 times on log, 1 times forest edge, 1 times foraging trail, 1 times dry log, 1 times Base of stump, log stage 2, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 26 times Manual catch, 21 times search, 6 times Hand.

Elevations: collected from 500 - 1950 meters, 1128 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus herculeanus herculeanoligniperdus: casent0909956



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