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Species: Camponotus discolor   (Buckley, 1866) 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Formica discolor Buckley, 1866 PDF: 166 (w.q.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Emery, 1893k PDF: 678 (m.); Wheeler, 1910i PDF: 230 (s.).
Junior synonym of Camponotus marginatus: Mayr, 1886d PDF: 423.
Revived from synonymy as subspecies of Camponotus marginatus: Emery, 1893k PDF: 677.
Revived status as species: Snelling, 1988 PDF: 68.

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, North America, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas, United States, Utah
Neotropical Region: Americas, Central America, Mexico

Distribution Notes:

Statewide

Biology:

Habitat: C. discolor occurs in open woodlands and closed forest, and I have once seen it, in northeastern Illinois, in wet-mesic sand prairie (but near an old fence row with some woody vegetation and a dead cottonwood nearby).

Natural History: In the above-mentioned prairie setting, C. discolor was nectaring at the glandular hairs on the petioles of Helianthus grosseserratus. Feeding habits are probably much like those of C. nearcticus. Alates of this species are probably reared in late summer and fall, but do not fly until the following May, but there are no collection data to verify this.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in Live oak woodland, 2 times found in oak scrub, along creek bed, 2 times found in oak savanna, 1 times found in hickory/juniper woods, 2 times found in juniper woodland, 0 times found in Dune heath, 1 times found in juniper scrub, 0 times found in Acacia woodland, 1 times found in desert scrub, 0 times found in Oak-cedar forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times nest in oak gall, 1 times nest in dead composit stalk, 1 times nest in dead oak branch, 1 times in live oak gall, 1 times in cynipid oak gall, 1 times foraging, 1 times foragers on Populus, 1 times efn Passiflora incarnata, 1 times attending leaf hooppers, 1 times on trunk of large oak by women's club.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times search, 2 times Dead branch, 3 times Dead oak gall, 1 times direct collection, 0 times On oak tree, 1 times ultraviolet light trap, 0 times Dead limb of hickory, 1 times Dead pecan branch, 1 times Hand, 1 times hand collecting, 1 times malaise trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1560 meters, 299 meters average

Type specimens:



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