See Also: Liometopum occidentale luctuosum
, Liometopum occidentale occidentale
Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)
|See also: Del Toro, et al. 2009: 330.|
Taxon Page Images:
velvety tree ant workers tending larvae of the copper butterfly Lycaena xanthoides
. The caterpillars produce a substance attractive to the ants, and the ants provide protection from predators and parasites. Kern County, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild
Distribution:Nearctic Region: Baja California
, WashingtonNeotropical Region: Mexico
Typically associated with deciduous trees (not conifers), often oaks (Quercus
In the North American
fauna, L. occidentale
may be recognized by its bicolored pattern, abundantly hairy gastral dorsum, and distribution (see map).
Taxon Page Author History
On 2013-08-20 07:57:13 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-20 07:56:30 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-20 07:56:00 Zach Lieberman modified Biology
Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)
Specimen Habitat Summary
Found most commonly in these habitats: 35 times found in oak woodland, 38 times found in riparian woodland, 12 times found in valley riparian woodland, 9 times found in chaparral, 8 times found in gully riparian woodland, 5 times found in Quercus-Pinus-Pseudotsuga forest, 4 times found in riparian vegetation, 3 times found in Quercus-Pinus-Pseudotsuga, 3 times found in urban park, 3 times found in oak-juniper woodland, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 25 times tunafish bait, 13 times hand collecting, 13 times pitfall trap, 7 times Bay Area Ant Survey (BAAS), 4 times search, 4 times malaise trap, 0 times Under rock, 3 times Winkler sifter, 3 times light trap collecting, 0 times Base of tree, 1 times Pitfall traps, ...
Elevations: collected from 2 - 3114 meters, 483 meters average
Type specimens: Lectotype of Liometopum microcephalum occidentale: casent0905042
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