Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)
Extant: 1 valid tribe, 3 valid genera, 231 valid species, 25 valid subspecies
Fossil: 20 valid species
(According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)Afrotropical Region: Angola
, Central African Republic
, Democratic Republic of Congo
, Equatorial Guinea
, Ivory Coast
, Sierra Leone
, South Africa
, ZimbabweAustralasia Region: Australia
, New Guinea
, Papua New Guinea
, Solomon IslandsIndomalaya Region: Bangladesh
, Sri Lanka
, VietnamMalagasy Region: Madagascar
, SeychellesNearctic Region: United StatesNeotropical Region: Argentina
, Cayman Islands
, Costa Rica
, Dominican Republic
, El Salvador
, French Guiana
, Saint Kitts and Nevis
, Saint Lucia
, Trinidad and Tobago
, Turks and Caicos Islands
, VenezuelaOceania Region: HawaiiPalearctic Region: Algeria
, North Korea
, Saudi Arabia
Workers of this subfamily can be recognized by the combination of large eyes (EL/HL usually > 0.25), short mandibles, flexible promesonotal connection, and presence of a postpetiole. Other characteristic features include: antennal sockets partly exposed in full-face (frontal) view; scape relatively short (SL/HL < 0.75); clypeus narrow (front to back) and not extending posteriorly between the frontal carinae; metapleural gland orifice situated at extreme posteroventral margin of metapleuron; hind tibia usually with two apical spurs, of which the posterior spur is pectinate; and sting well developed.
These are slender, large-eyed arboreal ants, predominantly tropical or subtropical in distribution. One genus and two species occur in California.
Bolton (1994); Ward (1989a, 1990, 1991, 2001).
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