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Subfamily: Amblyoponinae

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Extant: 1 tribe, 13 genera, 121 species

Fossil: 1 genus, 5 species

Amblyoponinae Forel, 1893b PDF: 162. Type-genus: Amblyopone. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Amblyoponinae as subfamily of Formicidae: Forel, 1893b PDF: 162 [Amblyoponinae]; Forel, 1895b PDF: 110 [Amblyoponeridae]; Clark, 1951 PDF: 15 (in key) [Amblyoponinae]; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 41 (revived status).
Amblyoponinae as poneromorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 41, 153.
Amblyoponinae as poneroid subfamily of Formicidae: Ouellette, Fisher, et al. 2006: 365; Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173; Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102; Ward, 2007C PDF: 555.
Tribe of Amblyoponinae: Amblyoponini.
Genus incertae sedis in Amblyoponinae: Paraprionopelta.

Identification:

As newly defined by Bolton (2003), this ant subfamily (formerly considered a tribe within Ponerinae) is characterized by the following worker characters: eyes small or absent, situated behind midlength of side of head; anterior margin of clypeus with specialized dentiform setae; promesonotal suture flexible; petiole very broadly attached to abdominal segment 3 and without a distinct posterior face; postpetiole absent; sting present and well developed.

Notes:

The ants in this subfamily are mostly specialized subterranean predators. One genus (with two species) is known from California.

References:

Bolton (1994, 2003); Brown (1960a); Lattke (1991); Ogata (1987a); Ward (1994).

(-1 examples)



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