Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2013)
Extant: 1 tribe, 13 genera, 116 species
Fossil: 1 genus, 5 species
As newly defined by Bolton (2003), this ant subfamily (formerly considered a tribe within Ponerinae) is characterized by the following worker characters: eyes small or absent, situated behind midlength of side of head; anterior margin of clypeus with specialized dentiform setae; promesonotal suture flexible; petiole very broadly attached to abdominal segment 3 and without a distinct posterior face; postpetiole absent; sting present and well developed.
The ants in this subfamily are mostly specialized subterranean predators. One genus (with two species) is known from California.
Bolton (1994, 2003); Brown (1960a); Lattke (1991); Ogata (1987a); Ward (1994).
Taxon Page Author History
1 Genera Imaged | View All
Genera for this subfamily