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Species: Tetramorium (simillimum) simillimum   (Smith, 1851) 

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See Also:

Tetramorium simillimum_cf, Tetramorium simillimum denticulatum, Tetramorium simillimum insulare, Tetramorium simillimum isis, Tetramorium simillimum laevinode, Tetramorium simillimum madecassum, Tetramorium simillimum opacior

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Myrmica simillima Smith, 1851 PDF: 118 (w.) GREAT BRITAIN. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Meinert, 1861: 331 (gynandromorph); André, 1883a: 289 (q.m.); Imai, Baroni Urbani, et al. 1984: 8 (k.).
Combination in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 61.
Senior synonym of Tetramorium pygmaeum: Forel, 1916 PDF: 421; of Tetramorium brevispinosa: Borgmeier, 1937b PDF: 241; of Tetramorium insulare: Yarrow, 1967 PDF: 28; of Tetramorium denticulatum, Tetramorium opacior, Tetramorium parallela: Bolton, 1977 PDF: 131; of Tetramorium bantouana, Tetramorium exoleta and material of the unavailable name Tetramorium breve referred here: Bolton, 1980 PDF: 320.
See also: Emery, 1909f: 696.


Reference for Kenya if not type: Santschi 1914b


Natural History:

Tetramorium simillimum is an uncommon tramp species in Costa Rica. I have only collected it once in Costa Rica, on a picnic table at the headquarters of Santa Rosa National Park.


Introduced species. CA record: Bolton (1979: 171).


Caste of types: (w)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tetramorium simillimum   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 38, (download) 38 21367
Tetramorium simillimum   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 85, (download) 85 6175
Tetramorium simillimum   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 193, (download) 193 20597
Tetramorium simillimum   Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181: 170-171, (download) 170-171 6435
Tetramorium simillimum   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 382-383, (download) 382-383 3948
Tetramorium simillimum   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Tetramorium simillimum   Forel, A., 1907, The Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, under the leadership of Mr. J. Stanley Gardiner. No. VI. - Fourmis des Seychelles, Amirantes, Farquhar et Chagos., Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 12, pp. 91-94: -1, (download) -1 4010
Tetramorium (Tetrogmus) simillimum   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 106, (download) 106 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 47 times found in tropical dry forest, 37 times found in urban/garden, 23 times found in coastal scrub, 16 times found in rainforest, 6 times found in port of entry/city, 22 times found in forest, 18 times found in mixed forest, 15 times found in urban garden, 7 times found in tropical dry forest on Tsingy, 10 times found in spiny forest/thicket, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 30 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 15 times aspirating; PB bait, 10 times MW 25 sample transect, 5m, 7 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 4 times hand collection, 2 times 2 Maxi Winks, 2 times aspirating, 5 times search, 1 times 9 maxi winks, 6 times pitfall trap, PF 50 traps, 11 cm dbh with water, soap, formalin, nonlinear placement, 7 times aspirating; PB & maple syrup bait, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1650 meters, 178 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype: casent0249091, casent0249092, casent0249093; not part of type series: casent0915079; syntype of Tetramorium pusillum bantouana: casent0915080; syntype of Tetramorium pusillum bantuala breve: casent0915081; syntype of Tetramorium pygmaeum: casent0904832; syntype of Tetramorium simillimum denticulatum: casent0909115; syntype of Wasmannia auropunctata brevispinosa: casent0915082

(-1 examples)

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