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Species: Formicoxenus nitidulus   (Nylander, 1846) 

Classification:
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See Also:

Formicoxenus nitidulus picea

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Myrmica nitidula Nylander, 1846b PDF: 1058 (w.) FINLAND. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Nylander, 1849 PDF: 34 (q.); Mayr, 1855 PDF: 419 (m.).
Combination in Formicoxenus: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 418.
Senior synonym of Formicoxenus laeviuscula: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 418; of Formicoxenus picea: Francoeur, Loiselle & Buschinger, 1985: 380.

Distribution:

W, Centr. & E SLO

Biology:

Xenobiotic, in nests of Formica rufa and F. pratensis

Notes:

(Dutch vernacular name: glanzende gastmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

24. Formicoxenus nitidulusHNS (Nylander, 1846)

Figs. 102, 103.

Myrmica nitidula NylanderHNS, 1946b: 1056.

Worker. Reddish yellow to brown: whole surface of body smooth and shining with scattered acute pale hairs. Antennal club 3 segmented as long as rest of funiculus; propodeal spines short, set horizontally. Length: 2.8-3.4 mm.

Queen. Very like the worker, somewhat darker; eyes larger and ocelli present. Forewings with 1 cubital cell and 1 discoidal cell with open radial cell. Length: 3.4-3.6 mm.

Male. Worker like but with additional antennal and gaster segments; ocelli present. Antennae with funiculus relatively longer, terminating in 4 segmented club. Length: 2.8-3.2 mm.

Distribution. Throughout Denmark and Fennoscandia; local in England and Scotland. - Range: Spain to Eastern Siberia, North Italy to latitude 70° N.

Biology. This ant occurs only in the nests of Formica rufaHNS and allied mound building species. It is ignored by its host among which the inquiline species moves freely. Individual nests contain only a few individuals, up to about 100, but often several nests are present within one mound of the host. Nests are located in fragments of wood, hollow twigs, bases of old bracken stems and in the earth floor of the FormicaHNS mound. Intermediate forms between queen and worker are common and individuals normally remain concealed within the nests but may wander on the mound surface on warm dull days. It is not known to feed on the FormicaHNS brood but in captivity will destroy LeptothoraxHNS larvae. Males and winged females may be found during July and August, mating occurring on the surface of the FormicaHNS mound.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Unknown, 1 times found in Pine forest, 0 times found in closed forest, 0 times found in heathlands, 0 times found in mixed forest

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 0 times Manual catch, 0 times search, 1 times By hand from surface of Formica polyctena nest, 0 times Pitfall trap

Elevations: collected from 28 - 1650 meters, 571 meters average

Type specimens:

(-1 examples)



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