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Species: Polyrhachis militaris   (Fabricius, 1782) 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica militaris Fabricius, 1782: 493 (q.) "TROPICAL AFRICA". Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Smith, 1858a PDF: 72 (m.); Mayr, 1866b PDF: 886 (w.).
Combination in Myrma: Billberg, 1820: 104; in Polyrhachis: Smith, 1858a PDF: 72; in Polyrhachis (Myrma): Santschi, 1914b: 140.
Senior synonym of Polyrhachis bruta, Polyrhachis calabarica, Polyrhachis cupreopubescens, Polyrhachis ssibangensis, Polyrhachis striativentris: Bolton, 1973b PDF: 313; of Polyrhachis epinotalis, Polyrhachis nkomoensis: Dorow, 1995 PDF: 36, 37.
Material of the unavailable names Polyrhachis argentatus, Polyrhachis dido, Polyrhachis pleurata, Polyrhachis sankisiana, Polyrhachis transversaria referred here by Bolton, 1973b PDF: 313.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)
Afrotropical Region: Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Bolton 1973b


Caste of types: (q)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Polyrhachis militaris   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 73, (download) 73 4018
Polyrhachis militaris   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 64, (download) 64 3923
Polyrhachis militaris   Mayr, G., 1895, Afrikanische Formiciden., Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 10, pp. 124-154: 154, (download) 154 4387
Polyrhachis militaris   Mayr, G., 1866, Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 16, pp. 885-908: 886, (download) 886 4366

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 26 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 5 times found in coastal lowland rainforest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in riparian moist forest, 2 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in mature forest edge, 1 times found in Prairie d'altittude, 1 times found in rainforest, marsh clearing.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 2 times nest in live tree cavity, 2 times rotten log, 3 times undergrowth, low canopy in forest, 1 times nest beneath termite mound on ground, 2 times ground forager(s), 1 times ex rot pocket above ground, 1 times ex Malaise trap, 2 times on low vegetation, 1 times in treefall gap, 1 times forager on log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times search, 6 times pitfall trap, PF bucket, 5 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 3 times hand collecting, 3 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 4 times EC31 yellow pan trap, 4 times Hand, 2 times sweep, 1 times Malaise, 0 times Malaise trap, 1 times Pitfall trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 35 - 1900 meters, 702 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens nkomoensis: casent0910909; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris bruta: casent0912127, casent0912128; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris calabarica: casent0910907; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens: casent0910906; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens pleurata: casent0912129; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens sankisiana: casent0910910; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris ssibangensis: casent0910918; syntype of Polyrhachis militaris striativentris: casent0905628; type of Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris cupreopubescens var. nkomoensis: focol2571; type of Polyrhachis militaris cupreopubescens var. argentatus: focol2569, focol2570

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