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Species: Camponotus maculatus   (Fabricius, 1782) 


Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus maculatus_cf, Camponotus maculatus_cf01, Camponotus maculatus_cf02, Camponotus maculatus foveolatus, Camponotus maculatus obfuscatus, Camponotus maculatus subnudus, Camponotus maculatus sylvaticomaculatus, Camponotus maculatus ugandensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

5 subspecies

Formica maculata Fabricius, 1782: 491 (w.) WEST AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1862 PDF: 654 (q.m.); Forel, 1891c PDF: 29 (s.w.q.m.); Donisthorpe, 1915c PDF: 221 (redescription of holotype).
Revived status as species: Emery, 1891c: 17.
Senior synonym of Camponotus atramentarius, Camponotus ballioni, Camponotus boera, Camponotus cavallus, Camponotus cluisoides, Camponotus cognata, Camponotus conakryensis, Camponotus erythraea, Camponotus flavifemur, Camponotus flavominor, Camponotus hannae, Camponotus hieroglyphicus, Camponotus intonsus, Camponotus lacteipennis, Camponotus liengmei, Camponotus liocnemis, Camponotus lividior, Camponotus lohieri, Camponotus manzer, Camponotus mathildae, Camponotus melanocnemis (and its junior synonym Camponotus schultzei), Camponotus nubis, Camponotus maculatus proletaria, Camponotus radamoides, Camponotus sarmentus, Camponotus schereri, Camponotus semispicatus, Camponotus sudanicus, Camponotus thomensis, Camponotus tuckeri, Camponotus zumpti and material of the unavailable names Camponotus calceatus, Camponotus cataractae, Camponotus citinus, Camponotus cluis, Camponotus contaminatus, Camponotus diffusus, Camponotus hansingi, Camponotus importunoides, Camponotus madecassa, Camponotus pessimus referred here: Baroni Urbani, 1972 PDF: 125-127.

Taxon Page Images:

Camponotus maculatus. Tygerberg Nature Reserve, Cape Town, South Africa; 23 May 2016. Photos and collections by Philip Herbst

Distribution:

(based on species list records)   Species is introduced to: Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions.

Afrotropical Region: Africa, Alibori, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Collines, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eastern Africa, Eastern Cape, Eritrea, Erongo, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Huíla, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Liberia, Middle Africa, Mozambique, Namibia, North-West, Rwanda, Salamat, Sangha-Mbaéré, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Southern Africa, Sudan, São Tomé, Tanzania, Uganda, Wakiso, Western Africa, Western Cape, Zimbabwe, Āmara
Australasia Region: Oceania
Indomalaya Region: Asia, Indonesia, Philippines, South-Eastern Asia, Sumatera Utara, Vietnam
Malagasy Region: Anjouan, Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Comoros, Fianarantsoa, Grande Comore, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mohéli, Reunion, Saint-Paul, Seychelles, Toamasina, Toliara
Nearctic Region: Puebla
Neotropical Region: Americas, Caribbean, Central America, Guadeloupe, Mexico, Trinidad and Tobago, Veracruz
Oceania Region: Micronesia, Micronesia, Palau
Palearctic Region: Al Bahah, Algeria, Ar Riyad, Iran, Macaronesia, Northern Africa, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Western Asia

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Forel 1907g

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 29-31, (download) 29-31 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 19, (download) 19 3923
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 23-27, (download) 23-27 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 213, (download) 213 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Camponotus maculatus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 654-655, (download) 654-655 4445
Camponotus maculatus   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 32, (download) 32 3788
Camponotus maculatus   Emery, C., 1877, Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte prima. Formiche provenienti dall Viaggio dei signori Antinori, Beccari e Issel nel Mar Rosso e nel paese de, Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 9, pp. 363-381: -1, (download) -1 3735
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1892, Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurà ¼ ckgebrachten Ameisen., Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 8, pp. 349-354: 349, (download) 349 3934
Camponotus maculatus   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154-159, (download) 154-159 21820
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 13, (download) 13 3923
Camponotus maculatus   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 3, (download) 3 4386

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 38 times found in tropical dry forest, 29 times found in urban/garden, 14 times found in urban garden, 28 times found in dry deciduous forest, 18 times found in rainforest, 12 times found in spiny forest/thicket, 10 times found in Savannah grassland, 6 times found in savannah woodland, 11 times found in montane rainforest, 12 times found in spiny deciduous forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 38 times ex rotten log, 21 times under stone, 25 times ground forager(s), 8 times under rotten log, 9 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 6 times ex rotting tree stump, 4 times ex rot pocket above ground, 7 times ground nest, 4 times ex dead branch above ground, 6 times on low vegetation, 5 times ex soil, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 86 times Malaise trap, 38 times Malaise, 27 times at light, 7 times Hand, 2 times CDC light trap, 3 times SD 20 digging sample transect, 10m, 3 times MW 20 sample transect, 10m, 2 times pitfall trap, PF 20 tube sample transect, 10m, 2 times taken at light at night, 3 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 3 times beating low vegetation, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1955 meters, 452 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus ballioni boera: casent0913695; syntype of Camponotus liengmei: casent0910060, casent0910061; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cognatus boera: casent0910055; syntype of Camponotus maculatus mathildae semispicata: casent0911989, casent0911990; syntype of Camponotus maculatus madecassa: casent0905276, casent0905277; syntype of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius: casent0910069; syntype of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius cluis: casent0905274, casent0910070, casent0910071; syntype of Camponotus maculatus ballioni: casent0910053, casent0910054; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cluisoides: casent0910049, casent0910050; syntype of Camponotus maculatus conakryensis: casent0905266, casent0905267; syntype of Camponotus maculatus flavominor: casent0911980, casent0911981; syntype of Camponotus maculatus hannae: casent0903515, casent0911982, casent0911983; syntype of Camponotus maculatus hieroglyphicus: casent0911984, casent0911985; syntype of Camponotus maculatus intonsus: casent0905272, casent0905273; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liengmei hansingi: casent0910062; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liocnemis: casent0905278, casent0905279; syntype of Camponotus maculatus lohieri: casent0911986, casent0911987; syntype of Camponotus maculatus manzer: casent0910056, casent0910057; syntype of Camponotus maculatus manzer contaminatus: casent0911976, casent0911977; syntype of Camponotus maculatus mathildae: casent0910065, casent0910066; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis: casent0911988; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides calceatus: casent0911968, casent0911969; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides cataractae: casent0911970, casent0911971; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides citinus: casent0911974, casent0911975; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides diffusus: casent0911978, casent0911979; syntype of Camponotus maculatus sarmentus: casent0905270, casent0905271; syntype of Camponotus maculatus schereri: casent0910067, casent0910068; syntype of Camponotus maculatus schultzei: casent0910051, casent0910052; syntype of Camponotus maculatus tuckeri: casent0911993, casent0911994; syntype of Camponotus maculatus zumpti: casent0911995, casent0911996; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cavallus: casent0911972, casent0911973; syntype of Camponotus maculatus flavifemur: casent0903514; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liengmei importunoides: casent0910063, casent0910064; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis lohieri: casent0905268, casent0905269; syntype of Camponotus maculatus miserabilis: casent0911997; syntype of Camponotus maculatus thomensis: casent0911991, casent0911992; syntype of Camponotus maculatus tuckeri: casent0903513; syntype of Formica cognata: casent0903511; syntype of Formica lacteipennis: casent0903512; type of Camponotus (Myrmotrema) grandidieri var. comorensis: casent0104630, casent0104631; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) ballioni var. boera: focol2367, focol2368; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. cleon: focol2406, focol2407, focol2408; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. foveolatus: focol2907, focol2908, focol2909; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. occipitalis: focol2438, focol2439, focol2440, focol2441; type of Camponotus maculatus cognatus var. boera: focol2945, focol2946; type of Camponotus maculatus r. hova var. laticollus: casent0104638; type of Camponotus maculatus st. cavallus: focol2365, focol2366; type of Camponotus maculatus st. hagensii: casent0104633; type of Camponotus maculatus subsp. schereri: focol0560, focol0561; Type of unavailable (unpublished?) quadrinomial: Camponotus maculatus atramentarius femoralis: casent0911966, casent0911967; unpublished name: Camponotus maculatus variegatipes: casent0905275



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