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Species: Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) maculatus   (Fabricius, 1782) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Camponotus maculatus_nr, Camponotus maculatus foveolatus, Camponotus maculatus obfuscatus, Camponotus maculatus subnudus, Camponotus maculatus sylvaticomaculatus, Camponotus maculatus ugandensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 5 valid subspecies

Formica maculata Fabricius, 1782: 491 (w.) WEST AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1862 PDF: 654 (q.m.); Forel, 1891c PDF: 29 (s.w.q.m.); Donisthorpe, 1915c PDF: 221 (redescription of holotype).
Revived status as species: Emery, 1891c: 17.
Senior synonym of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius, Camponotus ballioni, Camponotus ballioni boera, Camponotus maculatus cavallus, Camponotus maculatus cluisoides, Camponotus cognata, Camponotus maculatus conakryensis, Camponotus maculatus erythraea, Camponotus maculatus flavifemur, Camponotus maculatus flavominor, Camponotus maculatus hannae, Camponotus maculatus hieroglyphicus, Camponotus maculatus intonsus, Camponotus lacteipennis, Camponotus liengmei, Camponotus maculatus liocnemis, Camponotus maculatus lividior, Camponotus maculatus lohieri, Camponotus maculatus manzer, Camponotus maculatus mathildae, Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis (and its junior synonym Camponotus maculatus schultzei), Camponotus maculatus nubis, Camponotus maculatus proletaria, Camponotus maculatus radamoides, Camponotus maculatus sarmentus, Camponotus maculatus schereri, Camponotus maculatus semispicatus, Camponotus maculatus sudanicus, Camponotus maculatus thomensis, Camponotus maculatus tuckeri, Camponotus maculatus zumpti and material of the unavailable names Camponotus maculatus radamoides calceatus, Camponotus maculatus radamoides cataractae, Camponotus maculatus radamoides citinus, Camponotus maculatus atramentarius cluis, Camponotus maculatus manzer contaminatus, Camponotus maculatus radamoides diffusus, Camponotus maculatus liengmei hansingi, Camponotus maculatus liengmei importunoides, Camponotus maculatus liocnemis madecassa, Camponotus maculatus miserabilis pessimus referred here: Baroni Urbani, 1972 PDF: 125-127.

Taxon Page Images:

Camponotus maculatus. Tygerberg Nature Reserve, Cape Town, South Africa; 23 May 2016. Photos and collections by Philip Herbst

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Europa Island, Gambia, Ghana, Grande Glorieuse, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Juan de Nova Island, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Reunion, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Seychelles, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Guadeloupe, Mexico
    Asia: Indonesia, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Vietnam, Yemen
    Oceania: Palau
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Forel 1907g

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 29-31, (download) 29-31 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 19, (download) 19 3923
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 23-27, (download) 23-27 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 213, (download) 213 6734
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 88, (download) 88 8171
Camponotus maculatus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 654-655, (download) 654-655 4445
Camponotus maculatus   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 32, (download) 32 3788
Camponotus maculatus   Emery, C., 1877, Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte prima. Formiche provenienti dall Viaggio dei signori Antinori, Beccari e Issel nel Mar Rosso e nel paese de, Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 9, pp. 363-381: -1, (download) -1 3735
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1892, Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurà ¼ ckgebrachten Ameisen., Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 8, pp. 349-354: 349, (download) 349 3934
Camponotus maculatus   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 154-159, (download) 154-159 21820
Camponotus maculatus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 13, (download) 13 3923
Camponotus maculatus   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 3, (download) 3 4386

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 27 times found in urban/garden, 12 times found in urban garden, 8 times found in dry forest, 10 times found in coastal scrub, 7 times found in coastal scrub, mangrove, 3 times found in coastal thicket, 9 times found in rainforest, 6 times found in tropical dry forest, 1 times found in road side, 2 times found in banana field next to dry steam, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 31 times ex rotten log, 18 times under stone, 21 times ground forager(s), 4 times ex rot pocket above ground, 6 times under rotten log, 6 times ground nest, 4 times ex dead branch above ground, 3 times ex rotting tree stump, 4 times on low vegetation, 1 times in the soil,under rock. A few hundred ants in the nest, 2 times unter steinen, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times Malaise, 3 times Malaise trap, 7 times Pitfall trap, 6 times Hand, 1 times By hand, 2 times CDC light trap, 2 times Human dung trap, 3 times yellow pan, 1 times at light, 1 times 4 Malaise traps, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 Malaise trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1831 meters, 304 meters average

Type specimens: Syntype: sam-ent-011990, sam-hym-c001912; syntype of Camponotus ballioni boera: casent0913695; syntype of Camponotus liengmei: casent0910060, casent0910061; syntype of Camponotus maculatus ballioni boera: casent0917147; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cognatus boera: casent0910055; syntype of Camponotus maculatus mathildae semispicata: casent0911989, casent0911990; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis: casent0917148; syntype of Camponotus maculatus madecassa: casent0905276, casent0905277; syntype of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius: casent0910069; syntype of Camponotus maculatus atramentarius cluis: casent0905274, casent0910070, casent0910071; syntype of Camponotus maculatus ballioni: casent0910053, casent0910054; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cluisoides: casent0910049, casent0910050; syntype of Camponotus maculatus conakryensis: casent0905266, casent0905267; syntype of Camponotus maculatus flavominor: casent0911980, casent0911981; syntype of Camponotus maculatus hannae: casent0903515, casent0911982, casent0911983; syntype of Camponotus maculatus hieroglyphicus: casent0911984, casent0911985; syntype of Camponotus maculatus intonsus: casent0905272, casent0905273; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liengmei hansingi: casent0910062; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liocnemis: casent0905278, casent0905279; syntype of Camponotus maculatus lohieri: casent0911986, casent0911987; syntype of Camponotus maculatus manzer: casent0910056, casent0910057; syntype of Camponotus maculatus manzer contaminatus: casent0911976, casent0911977; syntype of Camponotus maculatus mathildae: casent0910065, casent0910066; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis: casent0911988; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides calceatus: casent0911968, casent0911969; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides cataractae: casent0911970, casent0911971; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides citinus: casent0911974, casent0911975; syntype of Camponotus maculatus radamoides diffusus: casent0911978, casent0911979; syntype of Camponotus maculatus sarmentus: casent0905270, casent0905271; syntype of Camponotus maculatus schereri: casent0910067, casent0910068; syntype of Camponotus maculatus schultzei: casent0910051, casent0910052; syntype of Camponotus maculatus tuckeri: casent0911993, casent0911994; syntype of Camponotus maculatus zumpti: casent0911995, casent0911996; syntype of Camponotus maculatus cavallus: casent0911972, casent0911973; syntype of Camponotus maculatus flavifemur: casent0903514; syntype of Camponotus maculatus liengmei importunoides: casent0910063, casent0910064; syntype of Camponotus maculatus melanocnemis lohieri: casent0905268, casent0905269; syntype of Camponotus maculatus miserabilis: casent0911997; syntype of Camponotus maculatus thomensis: casent0911991, casent0911992; syntype of Camponotus maculatus tuckeri: casent0903513; syntype of Formica cognata: casent0903511; syntype of Formica lacteipennis: casent0903512; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) ballioni var. boera: focol2367, focol2368; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. cleon: focol2406, focol2407, focol2408; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. foveolatus: focol2907, focol2908, focol2909; type of Camponotus (Myrmoturba) maculatus r. occipitalis: focol2438, focol2439, focol2440, focol2441; type of Camponotus hova obscuratus: casent0104640, casent0104641; type of Camponotus maculatus cognatus var. boera: focol2945, focol2946; type of Camponotus maculatus r. hova var. laticollus: casent0104637, casent0104638; type of Camponotus maculatus st. cavallus: focol2365, focol2366; type of Camponotus maculatus st. hagensii: casent0104633; type of Camponotus maculatus st. radamae: casent0104639; type of Camponotus maculatus subsp. radamae var. obscurata: focol2361, focol2362, focol2363, focol2364, focol2384, focol2385; type of Camponotus maculatus subsp. schereri: focol0560, focol0561; Type of unavailable (unpublished?) quadrinomial: Camponotus maculatus atramentarius femoralis: casent0911966, casent0911967; unpublished name: Camponotus maculatus variegatipes: casent0905275



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