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Species: Solenopsis invicta   Buren, 1972 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972 PDF: 9, fig. 2 (w.q.m.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Junior synonym of Solenopsis wagneri: Bolton, 1995b: 388.
[Trager, 1991 PDF: 173 incorrectly gave Solenopsis wagneri as an unavailable name; the name is available and has priority over Solenopsis invicta, see note under Solenopsis wagneri.].
Solenopsis invicta conserved over Solenopsis wagneri because of usage, in accord with ICZN (1999): Shattuck et al., 1999: 27.
See also: Rhoades, 1977: 1; Smith, 1979: 1386.

Taxon Page Video:


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists) Species is native to: Neotropical bioregion (based on species list records).

Australasia Region: Australia
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Mexico, Montserrat, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands
Oceania Region: Hawaii
Palearctic Region: China

Distribution Notes:

Paraguay: Boquerón, Caaguazú, Canindeyú, Central, Guairá, Ñeembucú, Paraguarí, Pte. Hayes


An aggressive tramp species, invasive outdoors in warmer climates. Dispersed with tropical plants, and in sod from southern states brought into ILLINOIS.


Introduced species.


(Dutch vernacular name: rode vuurmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Solenopsis invicta   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 36, (download) 36 21367
Solenopsis invicta   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in urban garden, 17 times found in BLack Belt Prairie, 16 times found in nest in dolomite glade, 9 times found in sand bar beside creek, 8 times found in nest under a piece of wood in dolomite glade, 8 times found in plant nursery, 5 times found in desert scrub, 7 times found in dolomite glade, 6 times found in field at edge of parking lot, 5 times found in open area on ridge in mixed forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times pitfall trap, 1 times efn Passiflora incarnata, 1 times nest under rock, 2 times leaf litter, 1 times ground nest, 1 times colony floating on water, solenopsis another colony as above (1720) times palm/oak hammock, 1734, solenopsis small crater in sand, queen 5-10cm down. times palm/oak hammock, 1720, sol times Luer house, mangrove-lined bay edge, backed by hammock on shell mound. 1709.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 0 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan and alpha pinene, 8 times search, 18 times direct collection, 13 times Berlese funnel, 7 times pitfall trap, 8 times Ground nest, 5 times Ground forager, 7 times blacklight, 5 times tuna bait, 3 times beating, 3 times Malaise trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1515 meters, 186 meters average

Type specimens: paratype of Solenopsis invicta: casent0902350; syntype of Solenopsis saevissima wagneri: casent0913949

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