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Species: Pachycondyla constricta   (Mayr, 1884) 

Classification:
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Current Valid Name:

Mayaponera constricta

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Ponera constricta Mayr, 1884: 31 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Emery, 1901b PDF: 46; in Mesoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 141; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 304; in Mayaponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 143.
Senior synonym of Mayaponera josephi: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 39.
See also: MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 269.

Distribution:

Southern Mexico to northern Argentina. Costa Rica: lowland wet forest, sea level to at least 150m; common at La Selva, Corcovado.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species is a common inhabitant of mature rainforests. It usually nests in dead wood on the forest floor, although I once observed a nest in the debris of a small "basket" palm (short understory palms that accumulate a basket of leaf litter where the whorl of petioles emerges from the trunk, often about 50cm above the ground). I find P. constricta in a large proportion of sifted litter samples (Winkler samples) from rainforest sites. Nocturnal foragers are relatively common on and among the leaf litter; diurnal foragers are less common. One nest I collected, in a rotten stick on the forest floor, contained 4 ergatogynes, in which there were no wing scars, but the mesosoma was more robust than normal workers, and the propodeal suture not impressed. I also get these ergatogynes occasionally in Winkler samples. I once observed an alate queen while collecting at night.

References:

Mayr, G. 1884. In Radoszkowsky, O. Fourmis de Cayenne Francaise. Trudy Russkago Entomologicheskago Obshchestva 18:30-39.

(-1 examples)



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