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Species: Tetramorium caespitum   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Tetramorium caespitum_cf, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_b, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_cr01, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_cr02, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_cr03, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_e, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr01, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr02, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr03, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr04, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr06, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr07, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr10, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr11, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr21, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr22, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr23, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr24, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr25, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr26, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_gr27, Tetramorium caespitum_cf_spe, Tetramorium caespitum altivagans, Tetramorium caespitum annauensis, Tetramorium caespitum annectens, Tetramorium caespitum annecteus, Tetramorium caespitum armata, Tetramorium caespitum atlantis, Tetramorium caespitum barabense, Tetramorium caespitum barabensis, Tetramorium caespitum bariensis, Tetramorium caespitum biroi, Tetramorium caespitum biskrense, Tetramorium caespitum biskrensis, Tetramorium caespitum brevicorne, Tetramorium caespitum brevicornis, Tetramorium caespitum brevinodis, Tetramorium caespitum caespitomoravicum, Tetramorium caespitum calida, Tetramorium caespitum calidum, Tetramorium caespitum chefketi, Tetramorium caespitum chefteki, Tetramorium caespitum chinense, Tetramorium caespitum chinensis, Tetramorium caespitum coeleste, Tetramorium caespitum cyrenaica, Tetramorium caespitum davidi, Tetramorium caespitum debile, Tetramorium caespitum debilis, Tetramorium caespitum diomedaea, Tetramorium caespitum diomedea, Tetramorium caespitum ernesti, Tetramorium caespitum exasperatum, Tetramorium caespitum ferox, Tetramorium caespitum flavidula, Tetramorium caespitum flavidulum, Tetramorium caespitum flaxidula, Tetramorium caespitum forte, Tetramorium caespitum fortis, Tetramorium caespitum fortunatarum, Tetramorium caespitum fusciclava, Tetramorium caespitum fusciclavum, Tetramorium caespitum galatica, Tetramorium caespitum geei, Tetramorium caespitum ghindanum, Tetramorium caespitum guancha, Tetramorium caespitum haltrichi, Tetramorium caespitum hammi, Tetramorium caespitum himalayana, Tetramorium caespitum himalayanum, Tetramorium caespitum hippocratis, Tetramorium caespitum hispanica, Tetramorium caespitum hispanicum, Tetramorium caespitum hungarica, Tetramorium caespitum immigrans, Tetramorium caespitum impura, Tetramorium caespitum indocilae, Tetramorium caespitum indocile, Tetramorium caespitum inerme, Tetramorium caespitum inerme-semilaeve, Tetramorium caespitum inermis, Tetramorium caespitum jacoti, Tetramorium caespitum japonica, Tetramorium caespitum japonicum, Tetramorium caespitum jarbas, Tetramorium caespitum juba, Tetramorium caespitum judas, Tetramorium caespitum judas juba, Tetramorium caespitum jugurtha, Tetramorium caespitum kahena, Tetramorium caespitum kahenae, Tetramorium caespitum ladismithensis, Tetramorium caespitum ladysmithense, Tetramorium caespitum laevior, Tetramorium caespitum levigata, Tetramorium caespitum liparaeum, Tetramorium caespitum lucidula, Tetramorium caespitum lucidulum, Tetramorium caespitum marocana, Tetramorium caespitum maura, Tetramorium caespitum maurum, Tetramorium caespitum meridionale, Tetramorium caespitum mossamedense, Tetramorium caespitum mossamedensis, Tetramorium caespitum nautarum, Tetramorium caespitum nefasitense, Tetramorium caespitum nefassitense, Tetramorium caespitum nefassitensis, Tetramorium caespitum nitidissima, Tetramorium caespitum nitidiusculum, Tetramorium caespitum oxyomma, Tetramorium caespitum pallida, Tetramorium caespitum pallidum, Tetramorium caespitum palmense, Tetramorium caespitum pennina, Tetramorium caespitum penninum, Tetramorium caespitum perspicax, Tetramorium caespitum picta, Tetramorium caespitum plana, Tetramorium caespitum pullum, Tetramorium caespitum punctatum, Tetramorium caespitum punica, Tetramorium caespitum punicum, Tetramorium caespitum punicum specularis, Tetramorium caespitum pyrenaeica, Tetramorium caespitum reticuliventre, Tetramorium caespitum reticuliventris, Tetramorium caespitum romana, Tetramorium caespitum rufitarsis, Tetramorium caespitum ruginode, Tetramorium caespitum ruginodis, Tetramorium caespitum sahlbergi, Tetramorium caespitum samilaeve, Tetramorium caespitum sarkisiani, Tetramorium caespitum sarkissiani, Tetramorium caespitum schmidti, Tetramorium caespitum schmitti, Tetramorium caespitum schultzei, Tetramorium caespitum semilaeve, Tetramorium caespitum semilaeve ernesti, Tetramorium caespitum semilaeve romana, Tetramorium caespitum semilaevis, Tetramorium caespitum semileve, Tetramorium caespitum semilevis, Tetramorium caespitum siciliense, Tetramorium caespitum splendens, Tetramorium caespitum staerckei, Tetramorium caespitum striaticeps, Tetramorium caespitum striatis, Tetramorium caespitum sulcinode, Tetramorium caespitum syriaca, Tetramorium caespitum szaboi, Tetramorium caespitum tenuicorne, Tetramorium caespitum tenuicornis, Tetramorium caespitum tingitana, Tetramorium caespitum tschushimae, Tetramorium caespitum tsushima, Tetramorium caespitum tsushimae, Tetramorium caespitum tsushimae coeleste, Tetramorium caespitum tsushimaeum pullum, Tetramorium caespitum turcomana, Tetramorium caespitum turcomanica, Tetramorium caespitum turcomanicum, Tetramorium caespitum typicum

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

6 subspecies

Formica caespitum Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 581 (w.) EUROPE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Latreille, 1798: 50 (q.m.); Mayr, 1861 PDF: 62 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1954d PDF: 445 (l.); Hauschteck, 1961 PDF: 221 (k.); Imai, 1966b PDF: 119 (k.).
Combination Manica: Jurine, 1807: 279; in Tetramorium: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 426.
Senior synonym of Tetramorium fuscula: Smith, 1851 PDF: 118.
, Radchenko, 2007 PDF}: 31; of Tetramorium modesta Foerster: Curtis, 1854: 215; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 426; of Tetramorium fusca: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 132; of Tetramorium transversinodis: Brown, 1949a PDF}: 47; of Tetramorium immigrans: Bolton, 1979 PDF: 171; of Tetramorium himalayanum, Tetramorium indocile, Tetramorium transbaicalense: Radchenko, 1992b PDF: 50; of Tetramorium hammi: Bolton, 1995b: 405; of Tetramorium jiangxiense: Wu & Wang, 1995a: 82; of Tetramorium fusciclavum: Sanetra, Güsten & Schulz, 1999 PDF: 320.
See also: Emery, 1909f: 697; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 107; Emery, 1925a PDF: 177; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 135; Kutter, 1977c: 157; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 544; Smith, 1979: 1400; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 84; Cammaerts, Pasteels, et al. 1985: 109; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 151; López, 1991a: 31; López, 1991b: 73; López, et al. 1992: 169; Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowska, 1998: 108.

Distribution:

Holarctic, America to Japan, North Africa to North Europe including British Isles

Biology:

Prefers grassland, especially steppe and rock steppe, also urban. Nests in soil, under rocks and in small loam hills.

Observation by J. Longino, 22 Mar 2012. This observation relates to whichever cryptic species of this complex inhabits Salt Lake City, Utah. The city has massive battles on the sidewalks. The first warm day of the season, above 15C, was on 15 Mar and I saw the first battle. Sometimes these battles seem to be a matter of grappling only, with very few casualties. But today was different. At 6:00pm I saw a mass of workers on the sidewalk. They were in a roughly circular patch over a sidewalk crack, a dense mass of grappling workers several ants deep, the circular mass around 20cm dia. A column of workers extended from the mass, about 1.5m long, through the grass at the side of the sidewalk to another crack. I returned at 7:30pm and found a triangular patch of more thinly spread workers, in an area of about 400 square cm. There was a low density of live workers, but most of the layer was dead workers, most of them dismembered. I counted the number of dead workers in a 2x2cm patch, got 60 workers, an estimated 6000 dead workers in the patch.

Notes:

Established

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Tetramorium caespitum   Güsten, R., Schulz, A. & Sanetra, M., 2006, Redescription of Tetramorium forte Forel, 1904 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a western Mediterranean ant species., Zootaxa 1310, pp. 1-35: 27, (download) 27 21095
Tetramorium caespitum   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 4, (download) 4 3994
Tetramorium caespitum   Bolton, B., 1979, The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World., Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology 38, pp. 129-181: 171, (download) 171 6435
Tetramorium caespitum   Güsten, R., Schulz, A. & Sanetra, M., 2006, Redescription of Tetramorium forte Forel, 1904 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a western Mediterranean ant species., Zootaxa 1310, pp. 1-35: 28, (download) 28 21095
Tetramorium caespitum   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 84-85, (download) 84-85 6175
Tetramorium caespitum   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 740, (download) 740 4445
Tetramorium caespitum   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 81-88: 84, (download) 84 3764
Tetramorium caespitum   Güsten, R., Schulz, A. & Sanetra, M., 2006, Redescription of Tetramorium forte Forel, 1904 (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a western Mediterranean ant species., Zootaxa 1310, pp. 1-35: 29, (download) 29 21095
Tetramorium caespitum   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 75, (download) 75 3926
Tetramorium caespitum   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Tetramorium caespitum   Emery, C., 1884, Materiali per lo studio della fauna Tunisina raccolti da G. e L. Doria. III. Rassegna delle formiche della Tunisia., Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 21, pp. 373-386: 380, (download) 380 3743

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Unknown, 0 times found in heathlands, 0 times found in dry grassland, 0 times found in Anthropogenic, 0 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 0 times found in Forest, 0 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 0 times found in shrubs, 0 times found in Wet grassland, 7 times found in shrub steppe, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 0 times Pitfall trap, 0 times Manual catch, 30 times search, 0 times Malaise trap, 0 times Color trap, 0 times light trap, 0 times In house, 1 times Under rock, 0 times Grassy mound, 1 times mixed, 0 times Window trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1870 meters, 700 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Tetramorium caespitum immigrans: casent0913997; syntype of Tetramorium caespitum fusciclava: antweb1008486, antweb1008487; syntype of Tetramorium caespitum hammi: casent0901252; syntype of Tetramorium caespitum himalayanum: casent0913996; syntype of Tetramorium caespitum himalayanum: casent0904814

(-1 examples)



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