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Species: Tapinoma litorale   Wheeler, 1905 

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See Also:

Tapinoma litorale cubaense

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

1 subspecies

Tapinoma litorale Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 109 (w.q.m.) BAHAMAS. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Current subspecies: nominal plus Tapinoma litorale cubaense.


Bahamas, USA (Florida), Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia. Costa Rica: lowland wet forests throughout the country.


Natural History:

This species occurs in lowland rainforest. It is arboreal, nesting in thin dead sticks or other small plant cavities in highly insolated microhabitats, such as forest edges or high in the canopy. For example, I observed one nest in the core of a thin, soft rotten stick. There was a small tubular chamber in the center, about 5cm long, that housed a total of 20 adult workers and one dealate queen. Most colonies I have seen have been polygynous, with multiple dealate queens in nests.


I take a broad view of litorale, to include panamense Wheeler 1934 (and its synonym canalis Wheeler 1942). There is considerable variation and there could well be multiple cryptic species.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 8 times found in lowland tropical rain forest, 10 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in STR 2050, 3 times found in Wet forest on karst, 3 times found in CCL 840M, 1 times found in CCL 400, 3 times found in wet forest canopy, 2 times found in hardwood swamp, 1 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in Oak Hammock, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 7 times search, 8 times hand collecting, 9 times Fogging, 10 times Malaise, 0 times Hollow twig, 3 times Berlese, 2 times Winkler, 0 times Hollow stem, 0 times In twig, big cypress surango, 0 times Knot hole, 1 times Foggin, ...

Elevations: collected from 3 - 1300 meters, 298 meters average

Type specimens:

(-1 examples)

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