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Species: Polyergus (rufescens) rufescens   (Latreille, 1798) 

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See Also:

Polyergus rufescens fusciventris, Polyergus rufescens laeviceps, Polyergus rufescens mexicanus, Polyergus rufescens montezuma, Polyergus rufescens silvestrii, Polyergus rufescens tianschanicus, Polyergus rufescens umbratus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Formica rufescens Latreille, 1798: 44 (w.q.) FRANCE. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Schenck, 1852 PDF: 70 (m.); Forel, 1874 PDF: 137 (gynandromorph); André, 1882b: 163 (w.q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1968a PDF: 214 (l).
Combination in Polyergus: Latreille, 1804: 179.
See also: Stitz, 1939: 369; Hölldobler, 1985: 225.

Taxon Page Images:


Pavel Krásenský (c) 2012

Locality: Croatia, Senj env. Pavel Krásenský (c) 2012


Mostly Submediterranean SLO, CZ


Open xerothermous habitats, slave-maker of Serviformica


decreasing (Dutch vernacular name: amazonemier)

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-02-13 03:19:11 Klara Bezdeckova modified Distribution
On 2012-11-28 03:49:54 Pavel Krasensky modified Images
On 2012-11-28 00:13:17 Pavel Krasensky modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Smith, F.:
Formica rufescens, Latr. Hist. Nat. Fourm. 186. pl. vii. f. 38 [[queen]].
Losana, Form. Piem. 324.
Formica testacea, Fabr. Syst. Piez. 400. 16 [[worker]]?
Nyl. Form. Fr. et d'Alger, p. 75 (note).
Polyergus rufescens, Latr. Hist. Nat. Ins. et Crust, xiii. 256.
St. Farg. Hym. i. 198. 1.
Guer. et Perch. Gen. des Ins. t. 4. f. 1 [[male]], 2 [[queen]].
Schenck, Beschr. Nass. Ameis. 70. 137.
Polyergus rufescens , Mayr. Form. Austr. 112. 1; Ungar. Ameis. p. 15.1.
Nyl. Form. Fr. et d'Alger. 74. 1.
Hab. France; Switzerland; Germany; Austria.
This is the species whose interesting habits are detailed by Huber, and which is so well known as the Slave-making Ant. Like the F. sanguinea , it plunders the nests of various species, its communities being principally formed of the captives which it enslaves. It has not yet been found in this country, and appears to be rare even in the north of France; but in the south and also in Switzerland it does not appear to be uncommon.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 8 times found in garden, 2 times found in low prairie, 1 times found in sedge meadow, 0 times found in heathlands, 1 times found in ponderosa pine - oak forest, 1 times found in prarie, 1 times found in lodgepole pine forest, 1 times found in sagebrush - rabbitbrush, 1 times found in meadow, 1 times found in spruce - fir forest, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 3 times under rock, 1 times dead branch, log stage 3, 1 times raiding party, 1 times sod mound near brook, 1 times grassy dome, 1 times log stage 3, 0 times Manual catch, 1 times mound in wet meadow, 1 times in rotting log, 1 times masonry dome nest, 1 times garden, ...

Elevations: collected from 914 - 2920 meters, 1841 meters average

Type specimens:

(-1 examples)

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