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Species: Pogonomyrmex rugosus   Emery, 1895 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Pogonomyrmex barbatus subsp. rugosus Emery, 1895d PDF: 309 (w.m.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Cole, 1968: 72 (q.); Taber et al., 1988 PDF: 51 (k.).
Raised to species: Cole, 1968: 70.
Senior synonym of Pogonomyrmex similis: Creighton, 1950a PDF: 120; of Pogonomyrmex fuscatus (and its junior synonyms Pogonomyrmex curvispinosus, Pogonomyrmex marfensis), Pogonomyrmex spadix: Cole, 1968: 70.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Mexico

Distribution Notes:

collected from the Chiricahua Mtns, Cochise Co.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in desert, 14 times found in around desert marsh, 12 times found in along roadside, 10 times found in vacant lot in area with Opuntia and Prosopsis, 10 times found in among Opuntia and Prosopsis, 8 times found in in clustered mass on road, 6 times found in Sonoran desert, 1 times found in sagebrush-riparian vegetation, 1 times found in pine/juniper forest, 2 times found in pine/oak forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times nest in soil, 4 times nests and foragers on soil, 2 times crater nest in soil, 1 times gravel mound nest, 1 times foragers on ground, 2 times tumulus nest, 2 times foragers, 2 times under rock, 1 times strays on ground, 1 times stray foragers, 1 times open nest with 1m disk, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 75 times general collecting, 17 times hand collecting, 9 times search, 4 times direct collection, 2 times hand collected, 1 times disc mound, 1 times salt-borax-alkali.

Elevations: collected from 15 - 2591 meters, 1289 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pogonomyrmex barbatus fuscatus: casent0904108; syntype of Pogonomyrmex barbatus rugosus: casent0904109; syntype of Pogonomyrmex barbatus marfensis: casent0904110



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