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Species: Pheidole pallidula   (Nylander, 1849) 

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See Also:

Pheidole pallidula selenia, Pheidole pallidula tristior

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Myrmica pallidula Nylander, 1849 PDF: 42 (w.) ITALY (Sicily). Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1855 PDF: 457 (s.q.m.); Vandel, 1931 PDF: 114 (gynandromorph); Hauschteck, 1961 PDF: 221 (k.).
Combination in Oecophthora: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 455; in Pheidole: Smith, 1858a PDF: 173.
Revived status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 94; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 26.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco
    Americas: Argentina, Mexico, United States
    Asia: Iran, Israel, Kyrgyzstan
    Europe: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Submediterranean SLO


Mostly open xerothermous habitats, often in urban areas, nests in (stony) ground, in rock/wall crevices


(Dutch vernacular name: gewone dikkop)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole pallidula   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 173, (download) 173 8127
Pheidole pusilla   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 226-231, (download) 226-231 3875
Pheidole pallidula   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 6, (download) 6 3994
Pheidole pallidula   Emery, C., 1884, Materiali per lo studio della fauna Tunisina raccolti da G. e L. Doria. III. Rassegna delle formiche della Tunisia., Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 21, pp. 373-386: 385, (download) 385 3743
Pheidole pallidula   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 54, (download) 54 21622
Pheidole pallidula   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 155, (download) 155 21820
Pheidole pallidula   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 226, (download) 226 3875

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in Encinar, 10 times found in Ruderal, 8 times found in Pinar, 4 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 3 times found in Urbanización (césped), 3 times found in Plantación palmeras, 5 times found in maquis shrubland, 5 times found in Garden, 3 times found in Urbano, 4 times found in Jardín, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 35 times Foraging, 26 times under stone, 16 times under rock, 10 times nbp, 7 times Nido bajo piedra, 7 times Nest under stone, 4 times Bajo piedra, 3 times Forrajeando, 2 times Nido en la arena, 1 times nest under rock, 2 times Nest, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 125 times Hand, 32 times search, 9 times Pitfall, 2 times hand collecting, 2 times by hand, 1 times Winkler, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 14 hours, 1 times Tuna bait.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1875 meters, 485 meters average

Type specimens: Pheidole pallidula obscura: replacement name for Pheidole pallidula var. emeryi Krausse, 1912: casent0913386, casent0913387; quadrinomial: Pheidole pallidula arenarum aurata: casent0913384, casent0913385; syntype of Oecophthora subdentata: antweb1038029, casent0916045; syntype of Pheidole obscura: casent0913388, casent0913389; type of Pheidole pallidula var. cicatricosa: focol1289, focol1290, focol1291, focol1292; unpublished name: Pheidole pallidula gaudens: casent0913390, casent0913391

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