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Species: Mesoponera melanaria   (Emery, 1893) 

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See Also:

Mesoponera melanaria macra

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Ponera melanaria Emery, 1893i PDF: 260 (footnote) (w.) SRI LANKA. Indomalaya. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Bingham, 1903 PDF: 100 (q.); Donisthorpe, 1942d: 450 (m.) [B. Boudinot note: male described by Donisthorpe is a Diacamma]; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1971b PDF: 1206 (l.).
Combination in Euponera (Mesoponera): Emery, 1900: 668; in Mesoponera: Bingham, 1903 PDF: 100; in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 307; in Mesoponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 111.
Current subspecies: nominal plus Mesoponera melanaria macra.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Seychelles
    Asia: India, Sri Lanka
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Malagasy

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 33 times found in forest, 8 times found in non native forest, 10 times found in mixed forest, 3 times found in tree plantation, 4 times found in moist rainforest, 2 times found in mixed forest near road, 3 times found in native wet forest, 1 times found in glacis vegetation, 1 times found in mixed forest along road, 1 times found in mixed forest near glacis, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 19 times ex rotten log, 7 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 11 times ground forager(s), 9 times under rootmat, litter on rock, 2 times under rotten log, 2 times under rootmat, on stone, 2 times under stone, 1 times ex rotten stick on ground, 1 times under rootmat, 1 times under root mat on stone, 1 times under moss, litter on rock, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 5 times Malaise trap, 5 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 1 times 9 MaxiWinks.mixed samples, 3 times ex root mat, 3 times Pitfall 1, 1 times CDC light trap, 1 times 4 Malaise traps.

Elevations: collected from 35 - 735 meters, 456 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pachycondyla melanaria: casent0903930; type of Pachycondyla melanaria: casent0902489

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