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Species: Amblyopone australis   Erichson, 1842 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Amblyopone australis Erichson, 1842 PDF: 261, pl. 5, fig. 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Australasia. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Amblyopone laevidens, Amblyopone nana: Wilson, 1958c PDF: 142; of Amblyopone cephalotes (and its junior synonym Amblyopone maculata): Brown, 1958h PDF: 14; of Amblyopone fortis, Amblyopone foveolata, Amblyopone minor, Amblyopone obscura, and material of the unavailable names Amblyopone howensis, Amblyopone norfolkensis, Amblyopone pallens, Amblyopone queenslandica referred here: Brown, 1960a: 167 (these previously provisional synonyms in Brown, 1958h PDF: 13).
See also: Taylor, 1979 PDF: 835.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists) Species is native to: Australasia, Indomalaya bioregions (based on species list records).

Australasia Region: Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Indomalaya Region: Indonesia
Oceania Region: Micronesia

Distribution Notes:

North Island

Biology:

various habitats

Notes:

first record in NZ; 1876 (Brown 1958)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum

1. Amblyopone australisHNS. Pl. VII. figs. 21-24. B.M.

Amblyopone australis, ErichsHNS. Wiegm. Archiv (1842), p. 260 [[worker]].

Worker. Length 3 lines.-Shining ferruginous, or rufopiceous; sparingly pubescent. Head large, the vertex and front down to the insertion of the antennae, finely but rather distantly punctured; a deep central channel extends from the middle of the bead to its anterior margin; on each side the head is obliquely striated; the mandibles longitudinally striated. Thorax: the prothorax rounded in front, convex, subglobose, punctured on the sides, the disk impunctate; the metathorax oblong, the sides parallel, truncate posteriorly, rather obliquely so. Abdomen oblong, smooth and shining, with the apex pale rufo-testaceous.

The female has the head more strongly punctured, the mesothorax much larger, and the scutellum developed; the wings subhyaline, with the nervures testaceous; the prothorax, metathorax, and sides of the node of the peduncle strongly punctured.

Male. Length 2 1/2 lines.-Black, shining and pubescent: head and thorax strongly punctured; the head transverse, the eyes large and lateral; antenna; elongate, filiform; the antennae, tibiae and tarsi rufo-testaceous; wings as in the female.

Erichson only describes the worker of this species: the male and female are in the Museum Collection.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 8 times found in Rainforest, 0 times found in Wet sclerophyll, 2 times found in wet sclerophyll forest, 0 times found in Marri forest, 2 times found in wet schlero, 3 times found in eucalypt woodland, 1 times found in Montane rainforest, DaCt times found in Volcanic soil; Pickard Veg, GMF times found in Volcanic soil; Pickard Veg, 0 times found in Rainforest, forest floor, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 0 times Ex rotting log, 12 times from dead Rimu tree, 3 times Under stone, 6 times Sieved Litter, 4 times nest ex rotton log, 2 times ex rotten log, 1 times nest in soil, under stone, 0 times Nest under stone, 0 times Nest in soil under log, 0 times Zoraptera stage, rotting log, 0 times Under log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Berlesate, 0 times direct collection, 2 times Pitfall, 1 times Litter extraction, 0 times Manual sampling, 0 times mixed bait in soil probe, 0 times Pitfall 47.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 2300 meters, 833 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Amblyopone laevidens: casent0903793; syntype of Amblyopone obscura: casent0902632; type of Amblyopone australis: focol0832, casent0104575; type of Amblyopone cephalotes var. maculata: focol0833, focol0834, casent0104578; type of Amblyopone ferruginea var. longidens: casent0104576



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