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Species: Amblyopone australis   Erichson, 1842 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Amblyopone australis Erichson, 1842 PDF: 261, pl. 5, fig. 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Australasia. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Amblyopone laevidens, Amblyopone nana: Wilson, 1958c PDF: 142; of Amblyopone cephalotes (and its junior synonym Amblyopone maculata): Brown, 1958h PDF: 14; of Amblyopone fortis, Amblyopone foveolata, Amblyopone minor, Amblyopone obscura, and material of the unavailable names Amblyopone howensis, Amblyopone norfolkensis, Amblyopone pallens, Amblyopone queenslandica referred here: Brown, 1960a: 167 (these previously provisional synonyms in Brown, 1958h PDF: 13).
See also: Taylor, 1979 PDF: 835.


 Species is native to: Australasia, Indomalaya bioregions (based on species list records).

Australasia Region: Auckland, Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Australian Capital Territory, Central, Eastern Highlands, Guadalcanal, Hawke's Bay, Lord Howe Island, Madang, Morobe, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Northern, Northland, Oceania, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Waikato, Western Australia, Western Highlands
Indomalaya Region: Asia, Indonesia, South-Eastern Asia
Oceania Region: Melanesia, Micronesia, Micronesia

Distribution Notes:

North Island


various habitats


first record in NZ; 1876 (Brown 1958)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum

1. Amblyopone australisHNS. Pl. VII. figs. 21-24. B.M.

Amblyopone australis, ErichsHNS. Wiegm. Archiv (1842), p. 260 [[worker]].

Worker. Length 3 lines.-Shining ferruginous, or rufopiceous; sparingly pubescent. Head large, the vertex and front down to the insertion of the antennae, finely but rather distantly punctured; a deep central channel extends from the middle of the bead to its anterior margin; on each side the head is obliquely striated; the mandibles longitudinally striated. Thorax: the prothorax rounded in front, convex, subglobose, punctured on the sides, the disk impunctate; the metathorax oblong, the sides parallel, truncate posteriorly, rather obliquely so. Abdomen oblong, smooth and shining, with the apex pale rufo-testaceous.

The female has the head more strongly punctured, the mesothorax much larger, and the scutellum developed; the wings subhyaline, with the nervures testaceous; the prothorax, metathorax, and sides of the node of the peduncle strongly punctured.

Male. Length 2 1/2 lines.-Black, shining and pubescent: head and thorax strongly punctured; the head transverse, the eyes large and lateral; antenna; elongate, filiform; the antennae, tibiae and tarsi rufo-testaceous; wings as in the female.

Erichson only describes the worker of this species: the male and female are in the Museum Collection.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 8 times found in Rainforest, 0 times found in Wet sclerophyll, 2 times found in wet sclerophyll forest, 0 times found in Marri forest, 2 times found in wet schlero, 3 times found in eucalypt woodland, 1 times found in Montane rainforest, DaCt times found in Volcanic soil; Pickard Veg, GMF times found in Volcanic soil; Pickard Veg, 0 times found in Mist forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 0 times Ex rotting log, 12 times from dead Rimu tree, 3 times Under stone, 6 times Sieved Litter, 4 times nest ex rotton log, 1 times nest in soil, under stone, 2 times ex rotten log, 0 times Nest under stone, 0 times Nest in soil under log, 0 times Zoraptera stage, rotting log, 0 times Under log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Berlesate, 0 times direct collection, 2 times Pitfall, 1 times Litter extraction, 0 times Manual sampling, 0 times mixed bait in soil probe, 0 times Pitfall 47.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 2300 meters, 833 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Amblyopone laevidens: casent0903793; syntype of Amblyopone obscura: casent0902632; type of Amblyopone australis: focol0832, casent0104575; type of Amblyopone cephalotes var. maculata: focol0833, focol0834, casent0104578; type of Amblyopone ferruginea var. longidens: casent0104576

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