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Species: Wasmannia scrobifera   Kempf, 1961 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Wasmannia scrobifera Kempf, 1961b PDF: 512, figs. 14, 15 (w.) SURINAM. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Distribution:

(based on species list records)
Neotropical Region: Americas, Atlántida, Brazil, Central America, Costa Caribe Norte, Costa Caribe Sur, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Gracias a Dios, Guatemala, Guyana, Heredia, Honduras, Izabal, Jinotega, Limón, Madre de Dios, Minas Gerais, Nicaragua, Peru, Potaro-Siparuni, Puntarenas, South America, Suriname

Distribution Notes:

French Guiana, Costa Rica. Costa Rica: Atlantic slope to 600m.

Biology:

Natural History:

This infrequently encountered species inhabits mature lowland rainforest. I have collected it in several Winkler samples of sifted litter from the forest floor, at various sites in the Atlantic lowlands of Costa Rica. But at La Selva Biological Station it has also been collected in fogging samples and Malaise traps. Mary Cornelius, an OTS student, found a nest in a leaf domatium of the ant-plant Tococa.

Notes:

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T. & Fernández, F., 2007, Taxonomic review of the genus Wasmannia., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 271-289

Wasmannia scrobifera KempfHNS

Fig. 1, Table 1

Wasmannia scrobifera KempfHNS, 1961: 512, figs. 14, 15. Holotype worker: Poeroe man kemisa, Surinam (van der Drift).

Comments

Kempf described this species from a single worker. Numerous collections are now known from Costa Rica, and we have also seen material from Colombia and Brazil (Bahia and Matto Grosso states).

In Costa Rica, this species is infrequently encountered. It inhabits mature lowland rainforest in the Atlantic lowlands. It has been collected in Winkler samples of sifted litter from the forest floor at Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve, Casa Plastico near Rara Avis, the 500 m site on the Barva Transect, and La Selva Biological Station. Quantitative sampling by the ALAS project reveals it to be a low density species occurring most often in fogging samples, and less often in Winkler and Berlese samples of forest floor litter (Table 2). Dinah Davidson collected it in a Piper plant at La Selva. Mary Cornelius, an OTS student, found a nest in a leaf domatium of an ant-plant (Tococa, Melastomataceae) at Tortuguero, but it contained only workers and brood. Grant Gentry found small carton nests under leaves at La Selva (pers. comm.). Workers have been collected from the stomachs of dendrobatid frogs in the Choco region of Colombia. These results suggest that the species may nest in the low arboreal zone yet forage in the leaf litter on the forest floor.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 124 times found in mature wet forest, 34 times found in tropical rainforest, 15 times found in lowland rainforest, 11 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, 10 times found in montane wet forest, 9 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 7 times found in rainforest, 4 times found in tropical rainforest, with some big trees, probably a mix of primary and secondary forest, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in 2º lowland tropical rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 192 times ex sifted leaf litter, 7 times sifted litter, 7 times beating vegetation, 6 times Hojarasca, 4 times beating veg., 2 times Copa de arbol, 2 times bajo de M/20, 1 times Wet forest. Mary Cornelius, OTS student, did field project sampling ants from do, 1 times Sobre Vegetacion, 1 times Primary forest. Ex sifted leaf litter. Short connecting trail between La Selva's, 1 times on low vegetation, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 175 times miniWinkler, 14 times Winkler, 13 times Fogging, 12 times MaxiWinkler, 11 times Beating, 11 times Mini Winkler, 5 times flight intercept trap, 2 times Malaise, 2 times search, 2 times Foggin, 1 times baiting, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 850 meters, 165 meters average

Type specimens:



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