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Species: Temnothorax subditivus   (Wheeler, 1903) 

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Temnothorax subditivus_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Macromischa subditiva Wheeler, 1903c PDF: 99, fig. 5 (w.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1931b PDF: 15 (q.); Smith, 1939e PDF: 504 (m.).
See also: Creighton, 1966a PDF: 282.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)
Nearctic Region: United States
Neotropical Region: Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico

Distribution Notes:

USA (Texas) to Colombia. Costa Rica: northwestern lowlands.


Natural History:

Temnothorax subditivus occurs in seasonally dry habitats. It inhabits scrubby vegetation and roadsides, nesting in small dead twigs or other dead plant cavities. Colonies are monogynous.

I have collected this species four times in Costa Rica, as follows:

Santa Rosa National Park, ridge between Playa Naranjo and Nancite: xeric scrub on rocky ridge; nest in dead branch; branch was dry and brittle.

Road from PanAmerican Highway to Monteverde, La Pita to Guacimal (below 500m elevation): three different collections from scrubby roadside vegetation, sweep samples and strays from tree trunks.

I also have collected the species in the Santa Marta region of Colombia. I found a small, monogynous colony under loose bark on a 2-3cm dia dead branch. The area of the nest was no more than 1x2cm. Crematogaster carinata were nesting throughout the same dead branch.


Within Costa Rica there is variation in the strength of sculpture on the face and mesosoma. At the two extremes of variation the face may have a broad medial and posterior shiny portion, or it may be almost entirely punctatorugose.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in tropical dry forest, 3 times found in oak maple woodland, 3 times found in live oak woodland, 3 times found in roadside vegetation, 1 times found in Pastures and scrubby second growth vegetation, 2 times found in cedar scrub, 1 times found in xeric scrub, 1 times found in dry cedar elm, 1 times found in dry thorn scrub forest, 1 times found in hardwood forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 10 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times dead branch, 3 times at bait, 1 times trail foragers, 1 times sweeping vegetation, 1 times nest under bark flap on dead branch, 1 times nest in dead branch, 1 times under bark, Pinus stump, 1 times Sweep sample of roadside vegetation., 1 times strays from treetrunks., 1 times on tree trunk, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times Winkler, 2 times maxiWinkler, 3 times baiting, 1 times Colony Collection, 1 times hand collected, 1 times sweep, 2 times direct collection, 1 times lindgren funnel, 1 times pyrethrum/insecticide fogging, 1 times Beating, 1 times flight intercept trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 10 - 3180 meters, 279 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Temnothorax subditivus: casent0913003

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