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Species: Strumigenys spathula   Lattke & Goitía, 1997 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Strumigenys spathula Lattke & Goitía, 1997 PDF: 390, figs. 29, 40, 46 (w.q.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

See also: Bolton, 2000: 511.

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Americas, Aragua, Atlántida, Barinas, Belize, Caribbean, Central America, Chiapas, Coclé, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Ocotepeque, Panama, Petén, South America, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Veracruz

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Venezuela.

Biology:

Occurs in mature lowland wet forest; found in Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter and rotten wood. Lattke found a nest in rotten wood.

Identification:

Like a robust version of elongata with clavate, not flagellate gastral setae.

Comments:

Longino notes, 9 Nov 2013: In Central America, Strumigenys elongata, pariensis, spathula, and morphospecies JTL022 form a single DNA barcoding cluster with subclusters. Strumigenys spathula is morphologically distinct but has discordant DNA barcode data. A Chiapas specimen and a Cerro Cahuí specimen of spathula are distant by DNA barcode, about 5% sequence divergence, but look the same. The Cerro Cahui specimen clusters closer to a Nicaraguan specimen of pariensis.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 16 times found in tropical moist forest, 4 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in lowland wet forest, 1 times found in second-growth rainforest, 1 times found in treefall gap in tropical moist forest, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, 1 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in 2nd growth veg., 1 times found in cloud forest, 1 times found in La Esperanza, Bosque Semi decíduo.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 24 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times Ticoporo Forest Reserve. Dense second growth with few larger trees. Night collec, 1 times Ticoporo Forest Reserve. Dense second growth with few larger trees. Ex sifted le, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times Ex hojarasca.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 17 times MiniWinkler, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 2 times Winkler, 1 times Maxi Winkler, 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 145 - 1189 meters, 292 meters average

Type specimens: paratype of Strumigenys spathula: casent0900447



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