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|See also: Bolton, 2000: 511.|
"Widespread in tropics and warm temperate areas. Primarily forest-dwelling; some species occur in grassland and arid scrub. ... Nests mostly in soil and rotting wood; a few species live in arboreal plant cavities in tropical rain forest. Foraging hypogaeic to epigaeic-arboreal. Food: most species are collembolan feeders; a few are polyphagous predators or occasionally feed on sugary substances..."
Members of the genus are all predaceous, with a kinetic mode of attack (Bolton 1999).
This species inhabits wet forest leaf litter. Lattke and Goitia (1997) discovered the species in 800m elevation cloud forest on the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela. They speculated that the species might be endemic to this cloud forest area, but its occurrence in mid-elevation wet forest sites in Costa Rica shows that it is more widespread than thought. Like so many leaf litter arthropods, its rarity may be due more to undersampling than to narrow endemism.
Bolton, B. 1999. Ant genera of the tribe Dacetonini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 33:1639-1689.
Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini, with a revision of the Strumigenys species of the Malagasy Region by Brian L. Fisher, and a revision of the Austral epopostrumiform genera by Steven O. Shattuck. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 65:1-1028.
Brown, W. L., Jr., and E. O. Wilson 1959. The evolution of the dacetine ants. Quarterly Review of Biology 34:278-294.
Lattke, J., and W. Goitia 1997. El genero Strumigenys (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) en Venezuela. Caldasia 19:367-396.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 57 times found in mature wet forest, 31 times found in tropical wet forest, 12 times found in montane wet forest, 3 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, 1 times found in LEP, 1 times found in SSO, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in secondgrowth dry forest, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, with some big trees, probably a mix of primary and secondary forest, 1 times found in 2nd growth veg., ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 102 times ex sifted leaf litter, 7 times Hojarasca, 1 times Hojarasca., 1 times Tall wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter from forest floor. 4 mesh sacks hung in W, 1 times Primary wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter from forest floor. 3.5 mesh sacks hung, 1 times Entre trampa M/01 y M/02, 1 times en hojarasca tamizada.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 86 times miniWinkler, 13 times maxiWinkler, 7 times Winkler, 5 times Mini Winkler, 1 times Berlese, 1 times Maxi Winkler.
Elevations: collected from 50 - 1192 meters, 420 meters average
Type specimens: paratype of Strumigenys pariensis: casent0900446