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Species: Pseudomyrmex viduus   (Smith, 1858) 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pseudomyrma vidua Smith, 1858a PDF: 158 (m.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kusnezov, 1964 PDF: 83.
Senior synonym of Pseudomyrmex baileyi (and its junior synonym Pseudomyrmex biolleyi), Pseudomyrmex caroli, Pseudomyrmex sapii, Pseudomyrmex tigrina (and its junior synonym Pseudomyrmex trigona), Pseudomyrmex ulei: Ward, 1989a PDF: 445; of Pseudomyrmex opacior: Ward, 1999B PDF: 510.

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Amazonas, Aragua, Atlántida, Bolivia, Brazil, Chiapas, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Escuintla, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Guyana, Heredia, Herrera, Honduras, Huánuco, Jinotega, La Libertad, Limón, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puntarenas, San José, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, Zulia

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in tropical dry forest, 1 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in old field/pasture, 2 times found in scrub veg., pasture edge, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in edge of second-growth rainforest, 1 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in Primary forest and second growth habitats, 1 times found in rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 8 times Dry forest. In live branch Triplaris melaenodendron. OTS project on Triplaris co, 2 times Dry forest. I cut down a major trunk, the terminal 5m of a 7m tall Triplaris mel, pseudomyrmex viduus; ac times afternoon walk in evergreen riparian forest area. #3441, 1 times STR, 1 times Roadside veg., a Cordia alliodora tree, about 3m tall, had at least 4 ant coloni, 1 times live branch of Triplaris, 1 times in live stems Ocotea nicaraguensis, 1 times in durchbohrten zweigen von Sapium, 1 times forager, 1 times ex Triplaris, 1 times ex live branch of Sapium, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times ex live Triplaris, 3 times search, 2 times Malaise, 2 times Nest in Triplaris, 1 times Nest in Triplaris (CSM2359), 1 times Sweeping, 1 times beating.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1140 meters, 231 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Pseudomyrmex viduus: casent0902880; syntype of Pseudomyrma caroli: casent0907499; syntype of Pseudomyrma caroli sapii: casent0907500; syntype of Pseudomyrma triplaridis tigrina: casent0902881; syntype of Pseudomyrma ulei: casent0907567



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