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Species: Pseudomyrmex ejectus   (Smith, 1858) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Pseudomyrmex ejectus peruvianus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pseudomyrma ejecta Smith, 1858a PDF: 157 (w.) "PROBABLY BRAZIL". Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Emery, 1894d PDF: 147 (q.).
Combination in Pseudomyrmex: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 217.
Senior synonym of Pseudomyrmex lincecumii: Ward, 1989a PDF: 436.
See also: Ward, 1985b PDF: 232.

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Nuevo Leon, South Carolina, Texas
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Alta Verapaz, Bolivia, Brazil, Chiapas, Comayagua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Guerrero, Heredia, Honduras, Jamaica, La Libertad, Lempira, Limón, Olancho, Petén, Puntarenas, Quintana Roo, Saint James, Sinaloa, Sololá, Tamaulipas, Veracruz

Distribution Notes:

Southeastern United States to Costa Rica; Jamaica.

Biology:

P. ejectus nests in dead twigs or stalks of woody and herbaceous plants. Collections have been made from the following plant genera: Carya, Cladium, Conostegia, Prosopis, Quercus, Rhus, Spilanthes, Vernonia, and Vitis. In southeastern United States alates have been collected in the months of March, June, July, and September. Three out of five nests which Ward (1985) dissected (from Florida, Texas, and Mexico) contained a single dealate female; the other two nests were queenless. In Florida some nests of this species are polygynous (R. W. Klein, pers. comm.).

Identification:

Worker:
  • standing pilosity sparse, absent from mesonotum and propodeum
  • head and gaster usually dark brown
  • metanotal groove deep, wide
  • dorsal face of propodeum shorter than declivitous face
  • petiole and postpetiole slender (PVVI 0.40-0.52; PPVVI 0.93-1.25)

Taxonomic Notes:

The types of P. ejectus are labeled as coming from "Brazil?", but this is almost certainly a case of mislabeling.

References:

Ward, P. S. 1985. The Nearctic species of the genus Pseudomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Quaestiones Entomologicae 21: 209-246.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in montane wet forest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 3 times found in riparian woodland, 3 times found in forest/pasture edge, montane wet forest, 3 times found in mesophil forest, 1 times found in Oak Hammock, 2 times found in semi-dry deciduous forest, 2 times found in at woodland edge, 1 times found in pasture/cloud forest edge, mesophyll forest times found in Coffee finca, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times beating vegetation, 4 times beating veg., 3 times Sobre Vegetacion, 0 times black light, 1 times in dead grape vine, 1 times ex dead twig of baccharis, 2 times shrubs, 2 times shallow pond, in dead stem Cephalanthus, 0 times on foliage of Byttneria aculeata, Jacquin, 2 times nest in 4mm dia. dead stem, 2 times foraging, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times search, 11 times Beating, 6 times sweeping, 3 times sweep net, 4 times Malaise, 0 times black light, 1 times yellow pan trap, 1 times Dead weed stem, 1 times Nest in twig above ground, 1 times pan trap, 1 times Red de golpeo, ...

Elevations: collected from 3 - 1580 meters, 459 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pseudomyrmex ejectus: casent0902894



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