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Species: Pheidole tuxtlasana   Wilson, 2003 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole tuxtlasana Wilson, 2003A: 622, figs. (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Atlántida, Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras, Izabal, Petén, Veracruz

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole tuxtlasanaHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Names after the type locality.

Diagnosis A yellow species, distinguished from other members of the punctatissimaHNS group as follows. Major: rugoreticula cover rear quarter of the dorsal head surface except for a narrow band of carinulae at the midline, with some rugoreticula extending all the way along the side of the head to the eye; promesonotum trilobous in dorsal-oblique view; propodeal spines long and stout; postpetiolar node diamond-shaped, with angular lateral margins.

Minor: humerus angulate, anterior face of propodeum in side view topped by an obtuse angle and descends steeply to the metanotum; mesosomal pilosity sparse; head and dorsal surface of the mesosoma foveolate and opaque.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.72, HL 0.72, SL 0.52, EL 0.12, PW 0.34.

Paratype minor: HW 0.38, HL 0.44, SL 0.52, EL 0.08, PW 0.26.

Color Major and minor: concolorous yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology The type series was sifted from litter on the floor of lowland forest.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. MEXICO: Estacion Biologica Los Tuxtlas, 10 km north-northwest of Sontecomepan, Veracruz, 18°35TSf 95°05 W, 200 m (Philip S. Ward). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 72 times found in tropical rainforest, 48 times found in 2º wet forest, 32 times found in lowland wet forest, 34 times found in tropical moist forest, 12 times found in lowland rainforest, 14 times found in mature wet forest, 10 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 6 times found in mesophil forest, 8 times found in 2º lowland tropical rainforest, 4 times found in 2° wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 179 times ex sifted leaf litter, 72 times at bait.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 141 times MiniWinkler, 72 times Baiting, 30 times MaxiWinkler, 7 times Berlese, 1 times Winkler.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 1600 meters, 277 meters average

Type specimens: holotype Pheidole tuxtlasana: jtlc000016564



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