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Species: Pheidole texticeps   Wilson, 2003 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole texticeps Wilson, 2003A: 240, figs. (s.w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Pheidole perdiligens: Longino, 2009 PDF: 85.

Distribution:

(based on species list records)
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Chiapas, Costa Caribe Norte, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Gracias a Dios, Guanacaste, Heredia, Honduras, Jinotega, Limón, Matagalpa, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Panama, Puntarenas, San José, Veracruz

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico to Costa Rica, French Guiana.

Biology:

This species occurs in wet forest habitats. Workers are common on the ground and on low vegetation. They readily recruit to baits, and major workers are often at baits with minor workers. Nests are in soil, with a simple gallery leading to a chamber about 10cm deep. Two nests that have been excavated contained single queens.

Comments:

Specimens from the Atlantic slope of Costa Rica are red brown, corresponding to the types of Wilson's P. texticeps, and specimens from the Osa Peninsula are yellow, corresponding to Wilson's P. perdiligens. Specimens from southern Mexico are yellow, like the Osa form. Other than color, these forms are indistinguishable.

DNA barcoding data show that texticeps and Central American brandaoi share very similar COI haplotypes. Pheidole texticeps minors and majors have shiny faces; minors and majors of brandaoi have foveolate faces. Pheidole texticeps is either dark brown or yellow; brandaoi is yellow. The ranges of the two forms are overlapping but interdigitated, with no known zones of sympatry.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole texticeps   Longino, J. T., 2009, Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2181, pp. 1-90: 85, (download) 85 22820
Pheidole texticeps new species  Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 240, (download) 240 20017

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 76 times found in montane wet forest, 43 times found in mature wet forest, 33 times found in tropical wet forest, 23 times found in lowland wet forest, 22 times found in mesophil forest, 8 times found in wet forest, 10 times found in tropical rainforest, 9 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 7 times found in lowland rainforest, 5 times found in cloud forest, primary, along steep ridge near peak, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 105 times ex sifted leaf litter, 70 times at bait, 30 times Hojarasca, 19 times Sobre Vegetacion, 7 times Primary forest, 11 times beating vegetation, 4 times Wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter., 6 times bajo de M/16, 4 times sifted litter, 1 times nest in soil, 3 times bajo de M/04, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 73 times baiting, 83 times miniWinkler, 27 times Winkler, 24 times Mini Winkler, 19 times Sweeping, 16 times MaxiWinkler, 14 times flight intercept trap, 8 times Lure/Bait, 13 times Beating, 3 times search, 1 times Search & Berles, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1800 meters, 511 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype major Pheidole perdiligens: mcztype-34321; Holotype major worker Pheidole texticeps: mcztype-34347; paratype Pheidole perdiligens: jtlc000016487; paratype Pheidole texticeps: jtlc000016554



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