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Species: Pheidole synarmata   Wilson, 2003 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Pheidole synarmata Wilson, 2003A: 763, figs. (s.w.) GUYANA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Brazil, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole synarmataHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Gr L synarmataHNS, with the armed one, referring to other members of the subarmataHNS complex.

diagnosis Similar to allarmataHNS, cramptoniHNS, hasticepsHNS, subarmataHNS, and triplexHNS, differing from these and other PheidoleHNS by the following combination of traits.

Major: head elongate; in side view, frontal lobe extending vertically off the dorsal surface of the head as a spine-like projection; promesonotum forming a large, bulbous, smoothly semicircular outline; petiolar spine well-developed and vertical; posterior half of the head capsule and almost all of the body smooth and shiny.

Minor: occiput broad and concave, lacking nuchal collar; promesonotal profile forming a prominent, smooth semicircle; except for the foveolate mesopleuron and lower side of the petiole, the body is completely smooth and shiny.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 0.92, HL 1.14, SL 0.42, EL 0.12, PW 0.46.

Paratype minor: HW 0.46, HL 0.50, SL 0.42, EL 0.06, PW 0.30.

Color Major: concolorous clear medium yellow.

Minor: concolorous clear light yellow.

range Known from the type locality and from Cuiaba, Mato Grosso, Brazil (J. C. Trager).

Biology Unknown.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. GUYANA: Kartabo (William M. Wheeler). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 97 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 54 times found in mature wet forest, 27 times found in tropical wet forest, 34 times found in tropical rainforest, 2 times found in 2nd growth wet forest, 1 times found in riparian dry forest, Agricultural Land times found in Disturbed, 2 times found in garden, 1 times found in Sendero Tres Ríos, 2 times found in disturbed tropical wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 104 times at bait, 109 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times nest in clay soil, 2 times at bait nr stream edge, 1 times under rock, 1 times ex sifted litter, 1 times Hojarasca.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 111 times baiting, 91 times miniWinkler, 18 times MaxiWinkler, 2 times search, 2 times Winkler.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 800 meters, 165 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole synarmata: jtlc000016546, jtlc000016547



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