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Species: Pheidole subarmata   Mayr, 1884 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Pheidole subarmata borinquenensis, Pheidole subarmata elongatula, Pheidole subarmata nassavensis, Pheidole subarmata nefasta

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole subarmata Mayr, 1884: 37 (s.w.) FRENCH GUIANA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Pheidole borinquenensis, Pheidole cornutula, Pheidole dentimentum, Pheidole elongatula, Pheidole hondurensis, Pheidole imbecillis, Pheidole nassavensis, Pheidole nefasta: Brown, 1981 PDF: 526.
See also: Wilson, 2003A: 759.

Distribution:


Australasia Region: Central, San Cristobal
Neotropical Region: Ahuachapán, Argentina, Atlántida, Bahamas, Barbados, Basse-Terre, Brazil, Chiapas, Colombia, Corrientes, Costa Rica, Cuba, Distrito Nacional, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Paraíso, El Salvador, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Gracias a Dios, Grande-Terre, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Heredia, Holguin, Honduras, Jamaica, La Altagracia, La Libertad, Maria Trinidad Sanchez, Martinique, Masaya, Matagalpa, Neembucú, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Panama, Paraguay, Petén, Puerto Rico, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur, Saint James, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Salvador, Santa Catarina, Trinidad and Tobago

Distribution Notes:

Mainland Neotropics from Mexico to Brazil, and many Caribbean islands. Costa Rica: Atlantic slope to 800m, possibly elsewhere (see Comments).

Biology:

Natural History:

Occurs in a wide range of habitats, including seasonally dry areas, wet habitats, mature forest, open pasture areas, city parks, beach edge; nests in soil, forming clusters of small crater-form tumuli; generalist foragers that quickly recruit to baits.

Notes:

Longino has confused subarmata and hasticeps in earlier identifications. See discussion under hasticeps.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole subarmata n. sp.  Radoszkowsky, O., 1884, Fourmis de Cayenne Française., Trudy Russkago Entomologicheskago Obshchestva 18, pp. 30-39: 37, (download) 37 1929
Pheidole subarmata   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 759-760, (download) 759-760 20017
Pheidole subarmata   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole subarmata   Forel, A., 1908, Fourmis de Costa-Rica, récoltées par M. Paul Biolley., Bulletin de la Societe Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 44, pp. 35-72: 52, (download) 52 4014

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 79 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 19 times found in mature wet forest, 35 times found in tropical moist forest, 2 times found in La Selva, 14 times found in tropical moist forest, pasture, 7 times found in tropical rainforest, 3 times found in yard around house, 4 times found in 2º wet forest, 9 times found in garden, 3 times found in disturbed broadleaf moist forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 141 times at bait, 24 times ex sifted leaf litter, 6 times nest in soil, 2 times under stone, 1 times On ground at lunch scraps. SJ 1550., 1 times on ground, 1 times edge of road, 1 times unknown, 1 times under rock, 1 times nest under rocks, 1 times nest in soil streambank, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 160 times baiting, 15 times search, 19 times MiniWinkler, 8 times hand collecting, 3 times bait, 4 times MaxiWinkler, 2 times Winkler, 1 times hand collection, 2 times Bare soil, 2 times flight intercept trap, 1 times Ground nest, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1250 meters, 194 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype Pheidole subarmata: casent0601269; Paralectotype Pheidole subarmata: casent0601270; syntype of Pheidole subarmata: casent0901601; syntype of Pheidole cornutula: casent0904376; syntype of Pheidole cornutula dentimentum: casent0913454; syntype of Pheidole cornutula imbecillis: casent0904377, casent0904378; syntype of Pheidole subarmata elongatula: casent0908238, casent0908239; syntype of Pheidole subarmata nefasta: casent0913455; type of Pheidole subarmata: focol1556



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